Alternative Names Vision impairment; Impaired vision; Blurred vision Prevention Regular eye checkups from an ophthalmologist or optometrist are important. They should be done once a year if you are over age 65. Your doctor will recommend earlier and more frequent exams if you have diabetes or if you are already showing early signs of eye problems from diabetes, high blood pressure, or other causes. The pressure in your eyes will be measured at some visits to test for glaucoma. Periodically, your eyes will be dilated to examine the retina for any signs of problems from aging, high blood pressure, or diabetes. These important steps can prevent eye and vision problems: Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes. Don't smoke. Limit how much alcohol you drink. Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control. Keep your blood sugars under control if you have diabetes. Eat foods rich in antioxidants, like green leafy vegetables. References Chung JY, Singh RP. Preventive measures and screening for ophthal...
Though not a common side effect, breast cancer treatment may affect your eyes, including your vision.
Eye problems may include:
red, itchy, or dry eyes
conjunctivitis (pink eye)
blurry or double vision
seeing dark spots
Breast cancer treatments that may cause eye problems are:
tamoxifen, a hormonal therapy
Fareston (chemical name: toremifene), a hormonal therapy
Aromasin (chemical name: exemestane), a hormonal therapy
Avastin (chemical name: bevacizumab), a targeted therapy
Zometa (chemical name: zoledronic acid) and Reclast (a different formulation of zoledronic acid), bone-strengthening medications known as bisphosphonates
Some pain medications also can cause eye problems.
Managing eye problems
If you have vision problems, it can be a sign of a more serious medical condition. Call your doctor right away if you notice that you're having trouble seeing or if your vision changes.
If your eyes are dry, red, or itchy:
Try to blink frequently , especially if ...
Home vision tests measure the ability to see fine detail.
Visual acuity test - home; Amsler grid test
How the test is performed
There are three vision tests that can be done at home: Amsler grid, distance vision, and near vision testing.
AMSLER GRID TEST:
This test helps detect macular degeneration , a disease that may cause blurred vision, distortion, or blank spots. If you normally wear glasses for reading, wear them for this test. If you wear bifocals, look through the bottom reading portion.
Do the test with each eye separately, first the right and then the left. Hold the test grid right in front of you, 14 inches away from your eye. Look at the dot in the center of the grid, not at the grid pattern.
While looking at the dot, you will see the rest of the grid in your peripheral vision. All the lines, both vertical and horizontal, should appear straight and unbroken. They should meet at all the crossing points ...
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