FROM OUR EXPERTS
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We started our discussion about restless legs syndrome (RLS) in my recent blog, so let’s continue where we left off.
Mild symptoms of RLS occur in 5-15% of the general population, which makes it the second or third most common sleep disorder. Of these cases, only about 2-3% are considered clinically severe enough to require treatment. It appears to occur more commonly in females and can even affect children. Due to the difficult to describe leg sensations that are felt, children may be wrongly diagnosed with “growing pains” or even attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). RLS symptoms occur more commonly as we age. Individuals who experience symptoms at a younger age tend to worsen as they get older, though there cases when the disease resolves spontaneously when the sufferer gets older.
Sleep disturbance is a major complaint in patients and is usually the main reason why they seek medical help. Though the dis...
Leg lengthening and shortening are types of surgery to treat some children who have legs of unequal lengths.
These procedures may:
Lengthen an abnormally short leg
Shorten an abnormally long leg
Limit growth of a normal leg to allow a short leg to grow to a matching length
Epiphysiodesis; Epiphyseal arrest; Correction of unequal bone length; Bone lengthening; Bone shortening; Femoral lengthening; Femoral shortening
This series of treatments involves several surgical procedures, a long recovery period, and a number of risks -- but it can add up to 6 inches of length to a leg.
While the child is under general anesthesia:
The bone to be lengthened is cut.
Metal pins or screws are inserted through the skin and into the bone. Pins are placed above and below the cut in the bone, and the surgical cut in the skin is stitched closed.
A metal device (usually some ...
It isn’t only accidents and wars that result in amputations; peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can lead to loss of a leg. The disease affects more than 8 million people in the U.S., especially those over 50, African Americans, and Hispanics are at risk. It is estimated that one of every 20 Americans over the age of 50 has PAD. Baby boomers approaching the age of 50 need to be aware of their vascular health and the associated diseases, including PAD. Most people are unaware of the disease called PAD. It is particularly difficult to know when you have PAD because normally there are no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. As the disease develops, those affected may experience discomfort or pain in their legs when they walk, but no pain when they rest. Because of the lack of symptoms, it is very important that people aged 50 and over talk with their primary care physician about PAD and ask for an examination if they: · Are ...
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