Osteoarthritis is the degeneration of the cartilage in a joint. That cartilage serves as a cushion between bones and the breakdown of this tissue leads to pain and inflammation. Osteoarthritis is caused by both genetics and abuse to the cartilage in the joints from overuse, injury and obesity.
There are multiple ways of approaching the management of patients with moderate to severe osteoarthritis, and this discussion will focus on a combination of behavioral change, medication and lifestyle, all of which affect disease. Osteoarthritis rarely occurs in the absence of other medical conditions; it appears frequently in combination with…