A herniated (slipped) disk occurs when all or part of a spinal disk is forced through a weakened part of the disk. This places pressure on nearby nerves.
Acute low back pain
Chronic low back pain
Lumbar radiculopathy; Cervical radiculopathy; Herniated intervertebral disk; Prolapsed intervertebral disk; Slipped disk; Ruptured disk; Herniated nucleus pulposus
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The bones (vertebrae) of the spinal column run down the back, connecting the skull to the pelvis. These bones protect nerves that come out of the brain and travel down your back, forming the spinal cord. Nerve roots are large nerves that branch out from the spinal cord and leave your spinal column between each vertebrae.
The spinal vertebrae are separated by disks filled with a soft, gelatinous substance. These disks cushion the spinal colum...
MS CENTRAL QUESTION OF THE WEEK: HOW DO YOU CREATE BALANCE IN YOUR LIFE WHEN YOU ARE ALSO THE CAREGIVER? This summer I learned some hard lessons about love, inner strength and endurance. My husband’s herniated disc reared its ugly head the week of my son’s high school graduation. His pain came on gradually and then became excruciatingly unbearable. He lay in bed for almost two months, leaving our bedroom only for medical appointments and physical therapy. Our summer was a disaster. A special vacation of our son’s choosing had to be cancelled. Quality time as a family - going to the movies, eating at our favorite restaurants, spending time “down the shore” (a true New Jersey term!) and taking nature hikes – never happened. I was scheduled to fly to Dallas for a conference with friends I had trained with as a Peer Resource for a pharmaceutical company. My trip was cancelled. As John Lennon wrote, “Life is what h...
Why does sitting for long periods of time increase back pain sometimes? This question has been studied for the past 50 years and researchers still find controversy when trying to answer the question. At the heart of the dilemma is a mechanical dynamic between body weight, body posture, and spinal disc load.
A loading, compressive force on a spinal disc creates a certain amount of pressure within the disc which is like a marshmallow in between two graham crackers being squished together. This pressure can be measured with special devices inserted into the disc. With various body positions like lying down, sitting, standing and bending forward, the pressure amounts vary and were first reported in the landmark study performed by Dr. Nachemson in 1981 . In this study, he found that sitting produced higher pressures in the spinal disc than standing. So, for the past thirty years, clinicians have told patients with degenerative disc related back pain to avoid prolong sitting because h...
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