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Fun, fun, fun! That is what summer is all about now that school is out and the winter blizzards are a thing of the past. Before the parachutes, wakeboards, skateboards, and soccer balls come out of the closet, a few words of caution should be heeded. Before the horses are loaded up for the big summer ride and roundup, some warnings should be understood.
Even with the best intention for safety and fun, many activities of enjoyment can cause injury. Those injuries usually amount to chronic pain with arthritis in the future because no matter how far the practice of medicine has come, injuries rarely heal back to an original, pristine state. Mirco-injury to ligaments and cartilage leave a joint vulnerable to the effects of overuse, stress, and aging . Thus, these joints become arthritically inflamed and painful later. The price of pain might be in years to come, but it will come. Take a look at the common injuries associated with some popular summertime activities.
Definition Ankle pain involves any discomfort in one or both ankles. Alternative Names Pain - ankle; Sprain - ankle; Ankle sprain Common Causes Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain. An ankle sprain is an injury to the ligaments, which connect bones to one another. In most cases, the ankle is twisted inward, causing small tears in the ligaments. The tearing leads to swelling and bruising, making it difficult to bear weight on the joint. In addition to ankle sprains, ankle pain can be caused by: Damage or swelling of tendons (which join muscles to bone) or cartilage (which cushions joints) Infection in the ankle joint Osteoarthritis , gout , rheumatoid arthritis , Reiter syndrome , and other types of arthritis Problems in areas near the ankle that can cause you to feel pain in the ankle include: Blockage of blood vessels in the leg Heel pain or injuries Nerve injuries (such as tarsal tunnel syndrome or sciatica )
How do you know when it's time for a knee joint replacement? When pain is not relieved by any other means. Quite often, the patient has severe arthritis as seen on X-ray. A 75-year old woman with a leg amputation below the knee is presented in this report. Her case is unusual because most people with an amputated leg have less arthritis in that leg. They tend to use the "good" leg more and favor the amputated side, putting less stress on the joint. In this case the patient had severe arthritis in both knees. At first she had the knee replaced on the nonamputated side. When she could no longer move the knee on the amputated side, that knee joint was replaced. A joint replacement on an amputated leg has more than the usual risks. For this woman, decreased blood flow led to the amputation in the first place. A joint replacement increases her risk of a second amputation further up the leg (mid-thigh). Physical therapy started the day after surgery. She went home on the eighth day, when she c...
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