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Femoral epiphysis is a secondary bone-forming center of the femur, separated from the main part of the bone by cartilage during the period of bone immaturity. In adolescents the femoral capital epiphysis may slip, causing pain and loss of range of motion. Slipping of the upper femoral epiphysis is most often observed in children between 10 and 16 years of age and is more common in boys than girls. The average age of onset is about 2 years earlier in girls than in boys, coinciding with the earlier bone maturation of girls. Rarely does the disorder develop in girls after menarche (first menstrual period). In about one-fourth of the cases both hips are affected. The prognosis in slipped epiphysis is related to both the promptness of diagnosis and the degree of slipping. If the displacement is treated early, when slipping is minimal or mild, the results are usually very good. A chronic slip of moderate degree, if pinned in situ, will usually result in a good functional hip, albeit with some ...
A herniated (slipped) disk occurs when all or part of a spinal disk is forced through a weakened part of the disk. This places pressure on nearby nerves.
Acute low back pain
Chronic low back pain
Lumbar radiculopathy; Cervical radiculopathy; Herniated intervertebral disk; Prolapsed intervertebral disk; Slipped disk; Ruptured disk; Herniated nucleus pulposus
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The bones (vertebrae) of the spinal column run down the back, connecting the skull to the pelvis. These bones protect nerves that come out of the brain and travel down your back, forming the spinal cord. Nerve roots are large nerves that branch out from the spinal cord and leave your spinal column between each vertebrae.
The spinal vertebrae are separated by disks filled with a soft, gelatinous substance. These disks cushion the spinal colum...
Spinal pain, or back pain, is very common in the Western world. In fact, it affects up to 80 percent of people at least one time in their life. Usually, the pain is nonspecific , not caused by any particular trauma or injury, or there isn't any body part or tissue that has been noticeably injured. Most often, nonspecific back pain goes away after three to 12 months, although most people do end up having more back pain later. And, among those people, an average of 16 percent experience back pain that's bad enough to affect their every day life. This means the majority of people with nonspecific back pain don't usually have any long-term problems and don't even seek medical help. Many studies have been done that have helped doctors understand things like catastrophizing (feeling that things worse than they really are), depression and feeling badly about oneself as a result of chronic pain. It's been found that the amount of psychological distress felt by a patient affects how the patient...
You should know
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