A herniated (slipped) disk occurs when all or part of a spinal disk is forced through a weakened part of the disk. This places pressure on nearby nerves.
Acute low back pain
Chronic low back pain
Lumbar radiculopathy; Cervical radiculopathy; Herniated intervertebral disk; Prolapsed intervertebral disk; Slipped disk; Ruptured disk; Herniated nucleus pulposus
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The bones (vertebrae) of the spinal column run down the back, connecting the skull to the pelvis. These bones protect nerves that come out of the brain and travel down your back, forming the spinal cord. Nerve roots are large nerves that branch out from the spinal cord and leave your spinal column between each vertebrae.
The spinal vertebrae are separated by disks filled with a soft, gelatinous substance. These disks cushion the spinal colum...
The person with the most replaced parts wins and now the joint replacement race does not stop with hips, knees or shoulders. Spinal discs are the latest “joints” to undergo a technology overhaul. Disc replacement surgery, also known as disc arthroplasty, is on the minds of millions who have disc degeneration. These worn out parts of the spine generate an avalanche of problems. So why not exchange them for new ones? Donald has been so worried about his mother’s failing back. Nothing seems to be helping her. One of his friends told him about a new surgical implant that replaces the worn out discs in the spine. Wow! That might give his mother a brand new back and a brand new lease on life. Two years ago, she had her hip replaced. Within months of that surgery, she was back to ballroom dancing. If joint replacement worked for her hip, surely it could work for her back. Great, he calls his mom to share the news. Not so fast, the treatment of spinal disc degeneration is not...
The most common location for an osteoporosis-related fracture to occur is the vertebrae.
These painful back injuries can occur while engaging in everyday actions, such as bending over or lifting groceries. With very advanced osteoporosis, a sneeze or cough could cause vertebral fracture. In some cases, the breaks are so debilitating routine tasks may be impossible, and the resulting inactivity can open the door for other serious medical problems.
Fortunately, treatment for vertebral fractures is a quickly advancing field, and patients have far more options than they did a decade ago. For many doctors the first step is to prescribe medication. Calcitonin (Miacalcin), a hormone which reduces the breakdown of bone, may help reduce pain.
Narcotic pain relievers are usually not considered because they could increase the chance of a fall, a dangerous prospect for someone with brittle bones. In addition, physicians recommend a back brace, although complian...
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