A herniated (slipped) disk occurs when all or part of a spinal disk is forced through a weakened part of the disk. This places pressure on nearby nerves.
Acute low back pain
Chronic low back pain
Lumbar radiculopathy; Cervical radiculopathy; Herniated intervertebral disk; Prolapsed intervertebral disk; Slipped disk; Ruptured disk; Herniated nucleus pulposus
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The bones (vertebrae) of the spinal column run down the back, connecting the skull to the pelvis. These bones protect nerves that come out of the brain and travel down your back, forming the spinal cord. Nerve roots are large nerves that branch out from the spinal cord and leave your spinal column between each vertebrae.
The spinal vertebrae are separated by disks filled with a soft, gelatinous substance. These disks cushion the spinal colum...
A recent study revealed that percutaneous disc decompression resulted in significant relief for painful herniated discs in sciatica patients for up to two years. The results of this first-of-its-kind study, conducted at the University of Athens in Greece, were presented at the Radiological Society of North America's 95th Annual Meeting earlier this month. Study Methods This was a randomized, controlled study that compared standard conservative therapy to the minimally invasive treatment known as percutaneous disc decompression. Subjects were divided into two groups, each containing 17 men and 14 women who complained of back and leg pain and were confirmed to have herniated discs and sciatica. Both groups had tried various conservative treatments in the past which were unsuccessful. The first group received six weeks of rigorous conservative therapy, which included analgesics, muscle relaxants and anti-inflammatory medications. The second group ...
The most common location for an osteoporosis-related fracture to occur is the vertebrae.
These painful back injuries can occur while engaging in everyday actions, such as bending over or lifting groceries. With very advanced osteoporosis, a sneeze or cough could cause vertebral fracture. In some cases, the breaks are so debilitating routine tasks may be impossible, and the resulting inactivity can open the door for other serious medical problems.
Fortunately, treatment for vertebral fractures is a quickly advancing field, and patients have far more options than they did a decade ago. For many doctors the first step is to prescribe medication. Calcitonin (Miacalcin), a hormone which reduces the breakdown of bone, may help reduce pain.
Narcotic pain relievers are usually not considered because they could increase the chance of a fall, a dangerous prospect for someone with brittle bones. In addition, physicians recommend a back brace, although complian...
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