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A herniated (slipped) disk occurs when all or part of a spinal disk is forced through a weakened part of the disk. This places pressure on nearby nerves.
Acute low back pain
Chronic low back pain
Lumbar radiculopathy; Cervical radiculopathy; Herniated intervertebral disk; Prolapsed intervertebral disk; Slipped disk; Ruptured disk; Herniated nucleus pulposus
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The bones (vertebrae) of the spinal column run down the back, connecting the skull to the pelvis. These bones protect nerves that come out of the brain and travel down your back, forming the spinal cord. Nerve roots are large nerves that branch out from the spinal cord and leave your spinal column between each vertebrae.
The spinal vertebrae are separated by disks filled with a soft, gelatinous substance. These disks cushion the spinal colum...
Sometimes even just picking up a piece of paper will cause a “pop” as a spinal disc herniates. The spinal discs are the shock absorbers layered between the spine bones that are stacked like blocks. When a disc herniates, it has bulged outside of its normal boundaries. The result is very painful and can also be very debilitating for months if not years. Here are some facts and solutions to keep in mind about spinal disc herniations.
v Disc Herniations Occur When the Disc Pressure is High: Bending over to pick up a piece of paper does not sound strenuous, but it can be detrimental to a weakened disc. Disc pressure increases anytime the spine is flexed. Eventually, the pressure may get high enough to overcome the resistance of the perimeter barrier that keeps the disc material contained. When the barrier fails, a disc herniation happens. Some people actually feel the “pop”.
Effectively relieving the pain of a disc herniation can be done b...
The most common location for an osteoporosis-related fracture to occur is the vertebrae.
These painful back injuries can occur while engaging in everyday actions, such as bending over or lifting groceries. With very advanced osteoporosis, a sneeze or cough could cause vertebral fracture. In some cases, the breaks are so debilitating routine tasks may be impossible, and the resulting inactivity can open the door for other serious medical problems.
Fortunately, treatment for vertebral fractures is a quickly advancing field, and patients have far more options than they did a decade ago. For many doctors the first step is to prescribe medication. Calcitonin (Miacalcin), a hormone which reduces the breakdown of bone, may help reduce pain.
Narcotic pain relievers are usually not considered because they could increase the chance of a fall, a dangerous prospect for someone with brittle bones. In addition, physicians recommend a back brace, although complian...
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