Definition Retrocalcaneal bursitis is swelling (inflammation) of the fluid-filled sac (bursa) at the back of the heel bone (calcaneus) under the Achilles tendon. Alternative Names Insertional heel pain Causes, incidence, and risk factors A bursa acts as a cushion and lubricant between tendons and muscles sliding over bone. There are bursas around most large joints in the body, including the ankle. The retrocalcaneal bursa is located in the back of the ankle by the heel. It is where the large Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. Repeated or too much use of the ankle can cause this bursa to become irritated and inflamed. Possible causes are too much walking, running, or jumping. This condition is usually linked to Achilles tendinitis . Sometimes retrocalcaneal bursitis may be mistaken for Achilles tendinitis. Risks for this condition include starting an aggressive workout schedule, or suddenly increasing activity level without the right conditioning.
My friend Sondra recently ran a 5K race on a very cold morning. So when we got together recently, I asked her how the race went. She told me that she now has shin splints, which she credits to not having stretched immediately prior to the race.
So that got me thinking - what exactly are shin splints? According to the Mayo Clinic , this term “refers to pain along or just behind the shinbone (tibia) — the large bone in the front of your lower leg. Medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome, shin splints occur during physical activity and result from too much force being placed on your shinbone and connective tissues that attach your muscles to the bone.”
Shin splints are caused by a sudden increase in distance or intensity of a workout schedule. MedicineNet.com noted that a person’s tendency to pronate the foot – which means rolling it excessively inward onto the arch. Additionally, weak ankle muscles or a too-tight Achilles tendon ma...
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