If you've recently been diagnosed with bone loss, fractures are the number one concern. Spinal fractures are very common. Below is an explanation on what they are, how they are diagnosed and how they should be treated.
What is a spinal compression fracture?
Compression fractures cause your vertebral bone and body to collapse, in the spine. This generally occurs in the posterior portion of the vertebra giving it a wedge shape. Multiple compression fractures can occur in more than one area of the spine which can cause a loss of height .
What causes compression fracture?
Spinal compression fractures are a common result of the bone weakening caused by osteoporosis and low bone density also known as osteopenia. These can occur from a simple action like, coughing, sneezing, bending forward, stretching or falls. You may be having small hairline fractures of the vertebra which can turn into a compression fracture from the weakening of the bon...
Complications Bone density loss from osteoporosis is a major cause of disability and death in the elderly, mostly due to subsequent fractures. The lifetime risk of spinal fracture in women is about one in three, and for hip fracture is one in six. Women at highest risk for fractures are those with low bone density plus a history of fractures, particularly low-trauma fractures.
Click the icon to see an animation about osteoporosis. Osteoporosis causes more than 1.5 million fractures annually. About 50% of women and 25% of men over age 50 will suffer an osteoporosis-related fracture during their lifetime. Spinal vertebreal fractures are the most common type of osteoporosis-related fracture, followed by hip fractures, wrist fractures, and other types of broken bones. About 80% of these fractures occur after relatively minor falls or accidents.
Click the icon to see an image of a compression fracture.
Click the icon to see an image of a hip fracture. Risk Factors for Fracture and Falling ....
Fatigue fractures, also called stress fractures, are caused by overusing a limb. The muscles become unable to absorb the shock to the limb (usually the leg) and the bone itself begins to take the brunt of it. Because the bone isn't built for this, it eventually cracks. However, the elderly can also develop fatigue fractures but they aren't caused by over use, rather they are usually caused by insufficiency , meaning there isn't enough muscle to help protect the bones. The authors of this article reviewed a patient who had a fatigue fracture. A 61-year-old woman was complaining of right hip pain but hadn't fallen or had any type of accident that may have caused it. She was still able to walk and function. The doctors did find pain and some swelling in the hip joint and, while the hip moved well upwards, moving it out and in was impossible due to the pain the movements caused. X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) then confirmed that there was a fracture, which was diagnosed as a fa...
You should knowAnswers to your question are meant to provide general health information but should not replace medical advice you receive from a doctor. No answers should be viewed as a diagnosis or recommended treatment for a condition. Content posted by community members does not necessarily reflect the views of Remedy Health Media, which also reserves the right to remove material deemed inappropriate.