Complications Bone density loss from osteoporosis is a major cause of disability and death in the elderly, mostly due to subsequent fractures. The lifetime risk of spinal fracture in women is about one in three, and for hip fracture is one in six. Women at highest risk for fractures are those with low bone density plus a history of fractures, particularly low-trauma fractures.
Click the icon to see an animation about osteoporosis. Osteoporosis causes more than 1.5 million fractures annually. About 50% of women and 25% of men over age 50 will suffer an osteoporosis-related fracture during their lifetime. Spinal vertebreal fractures are the most common type of osteoporosis-related fracture, followed by hip fractures, wrist fractures, and other types of broken bones. About 80% of these fractures occur after relatively minor falls or accidents.
Click the icon to see an image of a compression fracture.
Click the icon to see an image of a hip fracture. Risk Factors for Fracture and Falling ....
Alternative Names Fracture of the nose; Broken nose First Aid Reassure the patient and try to keep the patient calm. Have the patient breathe through the mouth and lean forward in a sitting position in order to keep blood from going down the back of the throat. Apply cold compresses to the nose to reduce swelling. If possible, the patient should hold the compress so that there isn't too much pressure on the nose. To help relieve pain, acetaminophen (Tylenol) is recommended. Do Not Do NOT try to straighten a broken nose. Do NOT move the person if there is reason to suspect a head or neck injury . Call immediately for emergency medical assistance if Get medical help right away if: Bleeding will not stop Clear fluid keeps draining from the nose You suspect a blood clot in the septum You suspect a neck or head injury The nose looks deformed The person is having difficulty breathing
Fatigue fractures, also called stress fractures, are caused by overusing a limb. The muscles become unable to absorb the shock to the limb (usually the leg) and the bone itself begins to take the brunt of it. Because the bone isn't built for this, it eventually cracks. However, the elderly can also develop fatigue fractures but they aren't caused by over use, rather they are usually caused by insufficiency , meaning there isn't enough muscle to help protect the bones. The authors of this article reviewed a patient who had a fatigue fracture. A 61-year-old woman was complaining of right hip pain but hadn't fallen or had any type of accident that may have caused it. She was still able to walk and function. The doctors did find pain and some swelling in the hip joint and, while the hip moved well upwards, moving it out and in was impossible due to the pain the movements caused. X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) then confirmed that there was a fracture, which was diagnosed as a fa...
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