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Radiation Therapy Radiation therapy may be used as an initial treatment for localized prostate cancer. It may also be used as treatment for cancer that has not been fully removed or has recurred after surgery. In advanced cancer, radiation therapy is used to shrink the size of the tumor and relieve symptoms. Radiation therapy used to be reserved for older men (over age 70) with locally advanced prostate cancer who had a life expectancy of 15 years or less. However, it is now being used more frequently in younger and healthier men. The two main radiation treatments for prostate cancer are: External beam radiation Brachytherapy (internal radiation) Both treatments have generally equal success rates. In some cases, both techniques may be used in high-risk patients. External Beam Radiation In external beam radiation therapy, a doctor focuses a beam of radiation directly on the tumor for 35 three-minute treatments given five times a week over 7 weeks. Three-dimensional (3-D) conformal techniques u...
Ever since they first appeared in this country, some hundred
years ago, professional baseball games have been a quintessential
opportunity for millions of American fathers to bond with their
children. On June 16th, in commemoration of Fathers Day,
Major League Baseball altered one of the games most storied
traditionsthe seventh-inning stretchas a public service
to these same fathers. To raise awareness for prostate cancer, fans
in baseball stadiums across the country sang Take Me Out to
the Ballgame last Sunday after the sixth inning, a symbolic
gesture that refers to the fact that one in six American men will
develop prostate cancer at some point in their life. A public
service message, promoting regular prostate exams as well as
general cancer awareness, was displayed on the big screen during
the stretch. The players wore blue wristbands, and the
uniforms of coaching staff, ball-boys, ball-girls, and grounds-crew
featured the blue ribb...
Over the past few years we have learned that a dog’s sense of smell can help patients with diabetes. A dogs sense of smell is anywhere from 10,000 to 100,000 times better than the human sense of smell. That means they can smell infinitely small amounts of just about any substance. For diabetes, dogs are trained to notice either high or low levels of glucose and signal their owner.
Researchers are using a dog’s nose for other illnesses too. In 2013, it was reported that the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine’s Working Dog Center teamed up with other departments in the college to research a dog’s ability to sniff out ovarian cancer. Because ovarian cancer is difficult to detect, this could provide doctors with a valuable tool to detect and treat this deadly cancer early.
More recently, a study showed that dogs can detect prostate cancer with 98 percent accuracy. An earlier study, completed in 2010, showed promising results in having dogs...
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