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Risk Factors Age Age is the major risk factor for BPH. Over half of men develop BPH by age 60 and about 85% of men have BPH by age 85. It is uncommon for BPH to cause symptoms before age 40. Family History A family history of BPH appears to increase a man's chance of developing the condition. Heart Disease Risk Factors and BPH Some evidence indicates that the same risk factors associated with heart disease may increase the risk of developing BPH. These risk factors include obesity, high blood pressure, low levels of HDL (good) cholesterol, diabetes, and peripheral artery disease (PAD). Lifestyle factors that are unhealthy for the heart (lack of physical activity, cigarette smoking, poor diet) may also possibly increase BPH risk or worsen its symptoms.
Symptoms Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are categorized either as voiding (formerly called obstructive) or storage (formerly called irritative) symptoms. BPH is often, but not always, the cause of LUTS, especially the voiding symptoms. Other medical conditions, such as bladder problems, can also cause these symptoms. Some men with BPH may have few or no symptoms. The size of the prostate does not determine symptom severity. An enlarged prostate may be accompanied by few symptoms, while severe LUTS may be present with normal or even small prostates. Voiding (Obstructive) Symptoms Voiding symptoms can be caused by an obstruction in the urinary tract, which may be due to BPH. (Obstruction is the most serious complication of BPH and requires medical attention.) Voiding symptoms include: A hesitation before urine flow starts despite the urgency to urinate Straining when urinating Weak or intermittent urinary stream A sense that the bladder has not emptied completely Dribbling at the end of uri...
Alternative Names Artificial sphincter (AUS) - urinary Risks This procedure is generally safe. Ask your doctor about these possible complications. Risks for any surgery are: Infection at the site of the incision Opening of the incision Blood clots in the legs that may travel to the lungs Breathing problems Bleeding Other infection Risks for this surgery may include: Damage to the urethra, bladder, or vagina Difficulty emptying your bladder, which may require a catheter Urine leakage that may get worse Failure, infection, or wearing away of the device that requires surgery to remove it
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