In healthy men and women, urine does not contain any blood that can be seen with the eye, called "gross blood," nor does it contain red blood cells that can be discovered with the aid of a microscope. The discovery of either gross or microscopic blood in urine is a sure indication of the need to examine and evaluate the patient to discover the cause of this abnormality. The conditions that can lead to either gross or microscopic blood in the urine are many and varied. In adults, a careful history to describe the details of the bloody urine, a physical examination and laboratory studies are the first step in unearthing the cause. Imaging with x-rays, ultrasound, CAT/MRI scans are the next step and will usually discover the cause. In adult women, infection of the bladder or kidneys, urinary stones, and tumors of the urinary bladder, kidneys are the most common causes. In adult men, enlargement and/or infection of the prostate, bladder infection and...
In Funding MS Research: National MS Society, Myelin Repair Foundation, Nancy David Foundation, Montel , I focused upon MS organizations in the United States which directly fund and support researchers. In today’s post, I will introduce you to a few non-profit organizations which are very focused in their purpose and research activities. From patient registeries, to knowledge databases, to tissue samples and brain donations, these smaller organizations and projects are doing some wonderful work in MS research.
NARCOMS (Consortium of MS Centers)
The North American Research Committee On Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) initiated in 1993 by the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC) Project, is led by Dr. Tim Vollmer, an international leader in multiple sclerosis care, immunology, and MS research. With support from United Spinal Association, Paralyzed Veterans Association, National MS Society, and unrestricted grants from pharmaceutical companies,...
Creatinine is a breakdown product of creatine, which is an important part of muscle. Creatinine is removed from the body entirely by the kidneys. This article discusses the test done to measure the amount of creatinine in your urine.
A blood test can also be used to determine your creatinine level. See: Serum creatinine
Urine creatinine test
How the test is performed
A random urine sample or a 24-hour collection may used. For information on how to collect a 24-hour urine sample, see: 24-hour urine collection .
How to prepare for the test
Your health care provider may tell you to temporarily stop taking certain medicines that may interfere with test results. Such medicines include:
How the test will feel
The test involves only normal urination, and there is no discomfort.
Why the test is performed
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