In healthy men and women, urine does not contain any blood that can be seen with the eye, called "gross blood," nor does it contain red blood cells that can be discovered with the aid of a microscope. The discovery of either gross or microscopic blood in urine is a sure indication of the need to examine and evaluate the patient to discover the cause of this abnormality. The conditions that can lead to either gross or microscopic blood in the urine are many and varied. In adults, a careful history to describe the details of the bloody urine, a physical examination and laboratory studies are the first step in unearthing the cause. Imaging with x-rays, ultrasound, CAT/MRI scans are the next step and will usually discover the cause. In adult women, infection of the bladder or kidneys, urinary stones, and tumors of the urinary bladder, kidneys are the most common causes. In adult men, enlargement and/or infection of the prostate, bladder infection and...
Creatinine is a breakdown product of creatine, which is an important part of muscle. Creatinine is removed from the body entirely by the kidneys. This article discusses the test done to measure the amount of creatinine in your urine.
A blood test can also be used to determine your creatinine level. See: Serum creatinine
Urine creatinine test
How the test is performed
A random urine sample or a 24-hour collection may used. For information on how to collect a 24-hour urine sample, see: 24-hour urine collection .
How to prepare for the test
Your health care provider may tell you to temporarily stop taking certain medicines that may interfere with test results. Such medicines include:
How the test will feel
The test involves only normal urination, and there is no discomfort.
Why the test is performed
Normal Values Normal values range from 2 - 18 units per 24 hours. Note: Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results. What abnormal results mean Increased levels of leucine aminopeptidase can be seen in several conditions: Cholestasis Cirrhosis Hepatitis Liver cancer Liver ischemia (reduced blood flow to the liver) Liver necrosis (death of live tissue) Liver tumor Pregnancy (late stage)
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