Urinary incontinence can be defined as the involuntary loss of urine. The urinary bladder, which stores urine until the patient voluntary empties its content, is a reservoir in the lower abdomen whose walls are a muscle that is supplied with nerve fibers. When the patient desires to empty their bladder, this muscle contracts forcing the urine out of the exit tube. There is a circular muscle surrounding its exit tube called the urinary sphincter. The muscular sphincter opens to allow for emptying of the urine, remaining closed most of the time to keep the urine stored in the bladder. Urinary incontinence is a common problem, perhaps more common in women than men, and may be temporary or chronic. Temporary urinary incontinence is loss of urine caused by another condition and disappears when the causative disease is no longer present. Examples of temporary incontinence would be acute bladder infection, loss of consciousness, or because of a reaction to a medication. Long-standing or ...
Definition Blood in your urine, or hematuria, can be classified as microscopic or gross. Microscopic hematuria is when there is very little blood in the urine and it can only be seen with a microscope. Gross hematuria is when there is enough blood in the urine that you can see it with the naked eye. Usually it turns toilet water pale pink or bright red, or you may just see spots of blood in the water after urinating. Alternative Names Hematuria; Blood in the urine Considerations In women, blood may appear to be in the urine when it is actually coming from the vagina . In men, what may be mistaken for urinary bleeding is sometimes a bloody ejaculation, usually due to a prostate problem. In some cases, blood in the urine can sometimes be confused with blood from a bowel movement. In any case, you should see a health care provider. Discoloration from certain drugs, beets, or other foods can mimic blood in the urine. You may not see blood in your urine. In some cases, it is found microscopically wh...
Frequent urination means needing to urinate more often than usual. Urgent urination is a sudden, compelling urge to urinate, along with discomfort in your bladder.
A frequent need to urinate at night is called nocturia . Most people can sleep for 6 to 8 hours without having to urinate. Middle aged and older men often wake to urinate once in the early morning hours.
Urgent urination; Urinary frequency or urgency
Together, frequent and urgent urination are classic signs of a urinary tract infection .
Diabetes, pregnancy, and prostate problems are other common causes of these symptoms.
Other causes include:
Medicines such as diuretics
Overactive bladder syndrome
(infection of the prostate gland)
Stroke and other brain or nervous system diseases
Tumor or mass in th...
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