In healthy men and women, urine does not contain any blood that can be seen with the eye, called "gross blood," nor does it contain red blood cells that can be discovered with the aid of a microscope. The discovery of either gross or microscopic blood in urine is a sure indication of the need to examine and evaluate the patient to discover the cause of this abnormality. The conditions that can lead to either gross or microscopic blood in the urine are many and varied. In adults, a careful history to describe the details of the bloody urine, a physical examination and laboratory studies are the first step in unearthing the cause. Imaging with x-rays, ultrasound, CAT/MRI scans are the next step and will usually discover the cause. In adult women, infection of the bladder or kidneys, urinary stones, and tumors of the urinary bladder, kidneys are the most common causes. In adult men, enlargement and/or infection of the prostate, bladder infection and...
What the risks are
There are no risks.
The following may create a false positive result:
Vaginal secretions (such as blood or heavy mucus discharge)
Trichomonas infection (such as trichomoniasis )
False negative tests can be caused by:
High levels of protein
High levels of vitamin C
When you take a multivitamin and mineral supplement, your are already supplying your body with nineteen vitamins and minerals. However, living in a stressful condition and environment will require additional vitamin intakes such as B-complex, C and E. Remember that stress is one of the reasons for high blood pressure.
The vitamin B-complex
The seven B vitamins are needed in the body metabolism. This is particularly required during physical stress and injury. For this reason, vitamin B-complex is known as a stress reliever. Doctors often give this vitamin to patients with depression and insomnia.
If you think that you are lacking in vitamin B-complex, take an extra tablet to supplement the daily requirement.
The seven vitamin B-complex are as follows with their Recommended Daily Intake (RDI):
1. Thiamin (B1)- 1.5 mg.
2. Riboflavin (B2)- 1.7 mg.
3. Niacin- 1,943 mg.
4. Pyridoxal phosphate (B6)- 2 mg.
5. B12- 2 mcg.
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