Definition Alternative Names Osteoporosis and aging; Muscle weakness associated with aging Information Changes in posture and gait (walking pattern) are as universally associated with aging as changes in the skin and hair. The skeleton provides support and structure to the body. Joints are the areas where bones come together. They allow the skeleton to be flexible for movement. In a joint, bones do not directly contact each other. Instead, they are cushioned by cartilage in the joint, synovial membranes around the joint, and fluid. Muscles provide the force and strength to move the body. Coordination is directed by the brain but is affected by changes in the muscles and joints. Changes in the muscles, joints, and bones affect the posture and gait, and lead to weakness and slowed movement. AGING CHANGES Bone mass or density is lost as people age, especially in women after menopause . The bones lose calcium and other minerals. The spine is made up of bones called vertebrae. Between each bone is a...
Ask someone with rheumatoid arthritis to tell you about their biggest frustration and chances are they'll mention the misconception that RA is like osteoarthritis (OA). To help you educate those around you, HealthCentral's RA community will be featuring a trio of posts with information and stories that can help others understand. We'd like to thank Tiffany Westrich, the CEO and cofounder of the International Autoimmune Arthritis Movement, who will be working with us on this project. Today, she's writing about what it's like to live with RA .
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. In cases of RA, this causes inflammation in joints and tendons. RA is a chronic illness, there is no cure. We do not know what causes RA, but gingivitis, smoking and a particular bacteria in the gut are implicated in triggering the immune response that leads to the development of the disease.
Osteaoarthritis is a...
This test is an x-ray of a knee, shoulder, hip, wrist, ankle, or other joint.
X-ray - joint; Arthrography; Arthrogram
How the test is performed
The test is done in a hospital radiology department or in the health care provider's office. The x-ray technologist will help you position the joint to be x-rayed on the table. Once in place, pictures are taken. The joint may be repositioned for different views.
How to prepare for the test
Inform the health care provider if you are pregnant. Remove all jewelry.
How the test will feel
The x-ray is not uncomfortable, except possibly from positioning the area being x-rayed.
Why the test is performed
Thex-ray is used to detect fractures , tumors, or degenerative conditions of the joint.
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