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Elbow replacement is surgery to replace the bones of the elbow joint with artificial joint parts ( prosthetics ).
Total elbow arthroplasty; Endoprosthetic elbow replacement
The elbow joint connects two bones:
The humerus in the upper arm
The ulna in the lower arm
The artificial elbow joint has two stems made of high-quality metal. A metal and plastic hinge joins the stems together and allows the artificial joint to bend. Artificial joints come in different sizes to fit different size people.
You may receive general anesthesia before surgery. This means you will be asleep and pain-free during surgery. Some patient may receive regional anesthesia instead. This means, you will be awake, but your arm will be numb so that you will not feel pain. If you receive regional anesthesia, you will also be given medicine to help you relax during the operation.
Your surgeon will make an surgical cut on you...
Alternative Names Total knee replacement; Knee arthroplasty; Knee replacement - total; Tricompartmental knee replacement; Subastus knee replacement; Knee replacement - minimally invasive; Knee arthroplasty - minimally invasive References Crockarell JR, Guyton JL. Arthroplasty of the knee. In: Canale ST, Beatty JH, eds. Campbell 's Operative Orthopaedics . 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 6. Jones CA, Beaupre LA, Johnston DW, Suarez-Almazor ME. Total joint arthroplasties: current concepts of patient outcomes after surgery. Rheum Dis Clin North Am . 2007; 33(1): 71-86. Leopold SS. Minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis. N Engl J Med . 2009;360:1749-1758.
It's still true that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. The prevention and early treatment of arthrofibrosis is a good example. Arthrofibrosis is scar tissue in a joint that keeps it from moving. It occurs most often in the knee after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repairs. Arthrofibrosis is difficult to treat. This means that early recognition of the problem is important. Modern rehabilitation techniques for arthrofibrosis are the topic of this report. Doctors, athletic trainers, and physical therapists present the most up-to-date approach to this condition. First, how do we prevent arthrofibrosis? The authors say don't do surgery when the knee doesn't have full motion, use good surgical technique, and start early with a rehab program. The next step is to catch problems early on. Doctors should watch for loss of motion after surgery. Again, early rehab is the key. Physical therapists assess the entire knee. This includes movement of the kneecap (patella), the patellar te...
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