FROM OUR EXPERTS
Definition Frozen shoulder is when the shoulder is painful and loses motion because of inflammation. Alternative Names Adhesive capsulitis Causes, incidence, and risk factors The joint capsule of the shoulder joint has ligaments that hold the shoulder bones to each other. When the capsule becomes inflamed, the shoulder bones are unable to move freely in the joint. Most of the time there is no cause for frozen shoulder. However, risk factors include: Cervical disk disease of the neck Diabetes Shoulder injury Shoulder surgery Open heart surgery Hyperthyroidism
In this review article, experts in the field of orthopedic trauma report on the use of bone graft substitutes in surgery. Types of grafts, results of studies so far, and recommendations based on research evidence are presented. Many patients who need a bone graft donate their own bone. It's usually taken from the pelvic bone. But problems with the donor site have led scientists to look for better ways to enhance bone healing. Bone graft substitutes are being studied and developed. In the mid-1990s, a group of 15 proteins was discovered that can help new bone form. These are called bone morphogenetic proteins or BMPs. Doctors see this as a potential treatment for fractures, especially nonunion fractures (breaks that don't heal). Some efforts to develop bone substitutes are still in the animal study stages. Others have been used in clinical trials for humans. For example, demineralized bone matrix (DBM) is one source of bone stimulating proteins. When used in spinal fusions, the DBM has be...
Try washing your hair, brushing your teeth or getting dressed without the use of one shoulder, it's darn near impossible to do anything without your shoulders. We use our shoulders all day long, 365 days per year. And over the years, the shoulders may not be feeling as comfortable or limber as they once did back in your younger days. Or maybe you are in your younger years but have been hard on your shoulders. Whether you are young or old, stiff painful shoulders make life's daily activities much more difficult to get done.
The most common reason to have a painful shoulder is tendonitis. The shoulder is a complex joint with a network of tendons called the rotator cuff . As all of the muscles in the shoulder work to pull, push, lift and reach, the tendons - which attach the shoulder muscles to the bones - can get very inflamed and painful. Sometimes the rotator cuff actually gets pinched between two bones, the acromion and the humerus. This condition is called shoulder impin...
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