Definition Hand-foot-mouth disease is a relatively common infection viral infection that usually begins in the throat. A similar infection is herpangina . Alternative Names Coxsackievirus infection Causes, incidence, and risk factors Hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) is most commonly caused by coxsackievirus A16, a member of the enterovirus family. The disease is not spread from pets, but it can be spread by person to person. You may catch it if you come into direct contact with nose and throat discharges, saliva, fluid from blisters, or the stools of an infected person. You are most contagious the first week you have the disease. The time between infection and the development of symptoms is about 3 - 7 days. The most important risk factor is age. The infection occurs most often in children under age 10, but can be seen in adolescents and occasionally adults. The outbreaks occur most often in the summer and early fall.
Puffy face; Swelling of the face; Moon face; Facial edema
Apply cold compresses to reduce swelling from an injury. Raise the head of the bed (or use extra pillows) to help reduce facial swelling.
Call your health care provider if
You should call your health care provider if you have:
Sudden, painful, or severe facial swelling
Facial swelling that lasts a while, particularly if it is getting worse over time
Fever, tenderness, or redness, which suggests infection
What to expect at your health care provider's office
Emergency treatment is needed if facial swelling is caused by burns or if you have breathing problems.
The health care team will ask questions about your medical and personal history to determine treatment or if any medical tests are needed. Questions may include:
How long has the facial swelling lasted?
When did it begin?
What makes it worse?
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