My name is Pattye Snyder. I was born 6/7/43 in Wichita, Kansas.
I have been divorced a little over 30 years and raised 3 children
as a single parent(and luckily have six grandkids at this point). I
have a B.A. in elementary education and speech pathology from
Wichita State University (grad. 1964) and a M.A. in Learning
Disabilities from Bradley Univ in Peoria, IL (1982). I have taught
in a variety of classes--everything from Ecology for the highly
gifted child to undergraduate classes in special ed. areas, and was
able to take early retirement 8 years ago at the age of 55. I've
always loved the outdoors and am a self-taught nature photographer.
In fact, I finally started my free-lance co., PATTYEGRAF CONCEPTS
after retirement. Because of this, I have been fortunate enough to
travel to 5 continents and 25 countries so far. I am becoming more
and more adventurous in spite of the challenges presented by
osteoarthritis. Because of my love for the outdoors I eventually
also started a small...
Alternative Names Hypertrophic osteoarthritis; Osteoarthrosis; Degenerative joint disease; DJD; OA; Arthritis - osteoarthritis Symptoms Pain and stiffness in the joints are the most common symptoms. The pain is often worse after exercise and when placing weight or pressure on the joint. Your joints become stiff and harder to move over time. You may notice a rubbing, grating, or crackling sound when you move the joint. The phrase "morning stiffness" refers to the pain and stiffness people feel when they first wake up in the morning. Stiffness usually lasts for 30 minutes or less. It is improved by mild activity that "warms up" the joint. During the day, the pain may get worse with activity and feel better when you are resting. After a while, the pain may be present when you're resting. It may even wake you up at night. Some people might not have symptoms, even though x-rays show the changes of OA. Signs and tests A physical exam can show: Joint movement may cause a cracking (grating) sound, call...
Causes The exact causes of osteoarthritis are not known. Scientists think that osteoarthritis likely develops from a combination of factors, including genetic susceptibility to joint injury. Aging Cells The body's ability to repair cartilage deteriorates with increasing age. Although osteoarthritis generally accompanies aging, osteoarthritic cartilage is chemically different from normal cartilage of the same age. As chondrocytes (the cells that make up cartilage) age, they lose their ability to make repairs and produce more cartilage. This process likely plays an important role in the development and progression of osteoarthritis. Genetic Factors Osteoarthritis tends to run in families. Genetic factors may be involved in about half of osteoarthritis cases in the hands and hips, and in a somewhat lower percentage of cases in the knee. Several genes that might contribute to an inherited risk are under investigation. Inflammatory Response The inflammatory response is an overreaction of the immu...
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