Facts About Vitamin D and Rheumatoid Arthritis
A study has linked vitamin D deficiency with an increased risk for cancer and autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis MS, and lupus. Researchers found, through mapping vitamin D receptors binding throughout the human genome, that vitamin D deficiency is a major environmental factor in increasing the risk of developing these disorders.
It's been estimated that 70 percent of children and adults in the U.S. are vitamin D deficient. The cause of deficiency is a combination of not getting enough exposure to the sun and not having enough vitamin D in their diets.
Hydroxychloroquine, or Plaquenil, and corticosteroids, which both can be prescribed for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, are among these. Even if you are taking one of these drugs, your doctor can adjust your vitamin D dose to correct the malabsorption.
You can ask your doctor to give you a simple blood test called, 25-hydroxy vitamin D test. It can tell you how deficient you might be in vitamin D.
To increase your level of vitamin D through food, you should include more oily fish, such as salmon, mackerel and tuna. Egg yolks and mushrooms also provide vitamin D, You could also choose a cereal and milk fortified with vitamin D.
Just 15 minutes of exposure to the sun gives you 20,000 IUs of vitamin D. However, this is without sunblock in the summer, and be aware that you need to be careful not to expose your skin to the sun without sunblock for long stretches of time. This can cause skin damage and increase your risk of skin cancer.
Not only does vitamin D play a crucial role in the absorption of calcium, but it can stave off osteoporosis, which can be a risk for people with RA. It also protects those susceptible to seasonal affective disorder from becoming depressed.
A lack of vitamin D may play a role in chronic pain caused by a variety of conditions. Research has indicated vitamin D deficiency may be implicated in musculoskeletal conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, neuropathy, migraine, and inflammation.
It's common for people who live with chronic pain to have a vitamin D deficiency. Many doctors routinely check their patients for their levels of vitamin D and often recommend vitamin D supplements as part of a treatment plan. Getting more vitamin D may help you to gradually get partial pain relief and improved mood.
Unlike some vitamins that begin working in the body immediately after being consumed, vitamin D must be processed by the liver and kidneys into a form (calcitriol) that can attach to vitamin D receptors in most of the body's cells. Your body stores one form of previtamin D, called dehydrocholesterol, in the skin. When your skin absorbs sunlight, it is transformed into previtamin D3 (cholecalciferol).
Studies have linked low vitamin D levels with heart disease and heart attacks. The systemic inflammation of RA affects internal organs and increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. Managing this risk includes seeing a preventative cardiologist, eating a balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking. It may also include getting enough vitamin D.
Getting your vitamin D levels tested may be a challenge. In the last 10 years, demand for the blood test has jumped 4000 percent. Some insurance plans don’t cover it and Medicare has restricted rebates for vitamin D testing to high-risk individuals, such as those with osteoporosis, deeply pigmented skin or chronic lack of exposure to the sun.
The Institute of Health has set the recommended dietary allowance to be 600 units a day. If you have a vitamin D deficiency, you may need more than that. Some people may benefit from adding 1-2,000 IU of vitamin D per day. Some people who have been diagnosed with a severe deficiency or have certain medical conditions may take up to 5-10,000 IU per day.
Too much vitamin D can cause toxicity, which can lead to abnormal heart rhythms, kidney stones, muscle weakness, and confusion. You would have to take very high levels of vitamin D over an extended period for it to get toxic. It’s important to talk to your doctor before taking high doses of vitamin D.