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Because breast cancer has been the subject of so much media attention and marketing, most American women know this message by heart: changes in your breasts should be reported to your doctor. Unfortunately, it’s difficult to know which changes are truly serious, and which are nothing more than a temporary hormonal issue, an allergic skin reaction, or a harmless cyst. Surely we want to protect ourselves from cancer; and just as surely we don’t want to run to the doctor with every breast pain or patch of rough skin around our nipples. Every day women write to us via the Q & A section on this site, asking if the change they see in their breast(s) is a symptom of cancer. Asking questions here at mybreastcancernetwork.com is a good first step, a place to get advice about breast-health issues that might be related to cancer. As expert patients, we use our laymen’s knowledge to assuage your fears, or kick you into gear—whichever is necessary. But, caveat emptor: w...
Being that I am a urologic surgeon, I routinely perform surgery on patients for incontinence . Unfortunately, no surgery is without its risks and complications. Before surgery, I always review risks and potential complications with patients, but when a patient has a bad outcome, they are always surprised. Now, even if you do not get the outcome you were hoping for, there are options for you to improve your outcome. There are many kinds of incontinence surgeries, but here I am going to focus on mid-urethral vaginal slings . First of all, it is important that you let your doctor know that you are having problems or are unhappy with the outcome. One of the most frustrating things for me is when a patient comes to me after having been operated on by another doctor and now is seeing me to fix the problem. I am not saying that you don't have the right to seek help from another physician, but you should give your first doctor a chance to right things. Some people,...
Menopause brings about many changes to the body. Some of those we can see; other changes aren’t so visible. For instance, vaginal atrophy affects about half of postmenopausal women, according to the Mayo Clinic
One type of atrophy is vulvovaginal atrophy. “During perimenopause, less estrogen may cause the tissues of the vulva and the lining of the vagina to become thinner, drier, and less elastic or flexible—a condition known as vulvovaginal atrophy,” More.com noted. “Vaginal secretions are reduced, resulting in decreased lubrication. Reduced levels of estrogen also result in an increase in vaginal pH, which makes the vagina less acidic, just as it was before puberty.”
Another type is atrophic vaginitis. According to More.com , “When ‘–it is’ is added to a word, it generally means inflammation. Inflammation of the vagina after menopause in a woman who is not using hormone therapy is called atrophic vaginitis. This cond...
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