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Definition Vaginal bleeding in pregnancy is bleeding coming through the vagina during pregnancy, for any reason. Alternative Names Pregnancy - vaginal bleeding; Maternal blood loss Considerations Up to 10% of women have vaginal bleeding at some time during their pregnancy, especially in the first 3 months (first trimester). Bleeding is even more common with twins. To help prevent a miscarriage or other problems during pregnancy: Avoid smoking and using drugs of any kind, including alcohol. Eat a well- balanced diet . Get regular medical checkups. Take prenatal vitamins (or vitamins high in folic acid) before and after getting pregnant. Common Causes During the first 3 months, vaginal bleeding may be a sign of a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. See the doctor right away. During months 4 - 9 bleeding may be a sign of: Abruptio placentae Miscarriage Placenta previa Vasa previa Other possible causes of vaginal bleeding during pregnancy: Early labor (bloody show) Ectopic pregnancy Infection of the cervix Trauma...
Alternative Names Wet prep Normal Values A normal test result means there are no signs of an infection. What abnormal results mean Abnormal results mean there is an infection. The most common infections are due to one or a combination of the following: Bacterial vaginosis -- bacteria that normally live in the vagina overgrow, causing a heavy, white, fishy-smelling discharge and possibly a rash, painful intercourse, or odor after intercourse Trichomoniasis -- a sexually transmitted disease Vaginal yeast infection Additional conditions under which the test may be performed: Atrophic vaginitis (associated with lack of estrogen)
Menopause brings about many changes to the body. Some of those we can see; other changes aren’t so visible. For instance, vaginal atrophy affects about half of postmenopausal women, according to the Mayo Clinic
One type of atrophy is vulvovaginal atrophy. “During perimenopause, less estrogen may cause the tissues of the vulva and the lining of the vagina to become thinner, drier, and less elastic or flexible—a condition known as vulvovaginal atrophy,” More.com noted. “Vaginal secretions are reduced, resulting in decreased lubrication. Reduced levels of estrogen also result in an increase in vaginal pH, which makes the vagina less acidic, just as it was before puberty.”
Another type is atrophic vaginitis. According to More.com , “When ‘–it is’ is added to a word, it generally means inflammation. Inflammation of the vagina after menopause in a woman who is not using hormone therapy is called atrophic vaginitis. This cond...
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