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Definition A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy. (Pregnancy losses after the 20th week are called preterm deliveries.) A miscarriage may also be called a "spontaneous abortion." This refers to naturally occurring events, not medical abortions or surgical abortions . Other terms for the early loss of pregnancy include: Complete abortion: All of the products of conception exit the body Incomplete abortion: Only some of the products of conception exit the body Inevitable abortion: The symptoms cannot be stopped, and a miscarriage will happen Infected (septic) abortion: The lining of the womb, or uterus, and any remaining products of conception become infected Missed abortion: The pregnancy is lost and the products of conception do not exit the body See also: Threatened miscarriage Alternative Names Abortion - spontaneous; Spontaneous abortion; Abortion - missed; Abortion - incomplete; Abortion - complete; Abortion - inevitable; Abortion - infected; Misse...
Alternative Names Placental dysfunction Symptoms A woman with placenta insufficiency usually does not have any symptoms. Signs and tests A pregnant woman should receive proper prenatal care. The health care provider will measure the size of your growing womb (uterus) at each visit, starting about halfway through your pregnancy. Tests that may be done include: Pregnancy ultrasound to measure the growth of the baby (may be done more often than in a normal pregnancy) Monitoring of the babys heart rate (nonstress test) You may be asked to keep a daily record of how often the baby moves or kicks.
Inadequate luteal phase
The main symptom is short or irregular menstrual cycles.
Signs and tests
Traditionally, a biopsy of the endometrium is the standard for diagnosing luteal phase defect. However, measuring the progesterone level in blood serum is often used as a means of diagnosis instead of endometrial biopsy due to the pain, difficulties of precise menstrual cycle dating, and expense associated with endometrial biopsy.
A blood serum progesterone level of lower than 10ng/mL one week prior to the start of menstruation or 7 days after the LH (luteinizing hormone) surge is generally accepted as a diagnosis of luteal phase defect.
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