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Urinary incontinence can be defined as the involuntary loss of urine. The urinary bladder, which stores urine until the patient voluntary empties its content, is a reservoir in the lower abdomen whose walls are a muscle that is supplied with nerve fibers. When the patient desires to empty their bladder, this muscle contracts forcing the urine out of the exit tube. There is a circular muscle surrounding its exit tube called the urinary sphincter. The muscular sphincter opens to allow for emptying of the urine, remaining closed most of the time to keep the urine stored in the bladder. Urinary incontinence is a common problem, perhaps more common in women than men, and may be temporary or chronic. Temporary urinary incontinence is loss of urine caused by another condition and disappears when the causative disease is no longer present. Examples of temporary incontinence would be acute bladder infection, loss of consciousness, or because of a reaction to a medication. Long-standing or ...
Frequent urination means needing to urinate more often than usual. Urgent urination is a sudden, compelling urge to urinate, along with discomfort in your bladder.
A frequent need to urinate at night is called nocturia . Most people can sleep for 6 to 8 hours without having to urinate. Middle aged and older men often wake to urinate once in the early morning hours.
Urgent urination; Urinary frequency or urgency
Together, frequent and urgent urination are classic signs of a urinary tract infection .
Diabetes, pregnancy, and prostate problems are other common causes of these symptoms.
Other causes include:
Medicines such as diuretics
Overactive bladder syndrome
(infection of the prostate gland)
Stroke and other brain or nervous system diseases
Tumor or mass in th...
Definition Excessive volume of urination means that you release abnormally large amountsof urine each day. The medical term for this condition ispolyuria. Alternative Names Polyuria Considerations An excessive volume of urination for an adult is more than 2.5 liters of urine per day. Polyuria is a fairly common symptom, which is often noticed when you have to get up to use the bathroom at night. Common Causes Drinking a large amount of fluids, particularly those containing caffeine or alcohol Certain medications, especially diuretics Diabetes mellitus Diabetes insipidus Psychogenic polydipsia , most common in women over age 30 Kidney failure Sickle cell anemia Imaging tests that involve injecting a special dye (contrast media) into your vein -- the amount of urine you produce may increase for up to 24 hours afterwards
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