Alternative Names Primary HIV infection; HIV seroconversion syndrome; Acute retroviral syndrome; HIV infection - acute Prevention For a comprehensive discussion, see the prevention section in AIDS . Safer sex behaviors may reduce the risk of getting the infection. There is still a risk of getting infected with HIV, even if you practice "safe sex," because condoms can break. Abstinence is the only sure way to prevent sexual transmission of the HIV virus. General guidelines: Do not have unprotected sexual intercourse with numerous partners or anyone who has multiple partners, uses IV drugs, or that has or may be infected with AIDS. Avoid injection drug use. If you do use such drugs, do not share needles or syringes. People with AIDS or who have had positive HIV antibody tests can pass the disease on to others and should not donate blood, plasma, body organs, or sperm. Do not exchange body fluids during sexual activity. People who are at risk for HIV infection should have regular testing to ensure...
Painful sexual intercourse; Dyspareunia
For painful intercourse in women after pregnancy:
Wait at least 6 weeks after childbirth before resuming sexual relations.
Be gentle and patient.
Use lubrication as needed.
For vaginal dryness/inadequate lubrication:
Try water-based lubricants.
If you are going through menopause and lubricants don't work, talk to your doctor about estrogen creams or other prescription medications.
For painful intercourse caused by prostatitis:
Soak in a warm bath.
Drink plenty of fluids, but avoid alcohol and caffeine.
Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
Take antibiotics as prescribed.
For hemorrhoids, try stool softeners. Antibiotics may be required for urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections, or vaginal infections.
Other causes of painful intercourse may require prescription medications or, rarely, surgery.
Sex therapy may be hel...
Alternative Names HIV infection - asymptomatic Prevention You can lower the risk of sexually transmitting the HIV infection by practicing safer sex behaviors, as well as avoiding contact with contaminated blood (not using injection drugs or not sharing needles or syringes). Abstinence is the only absolutely sure way to prevent sexual transmission of the virus. People who have had positive HIV antibody tests should not donate blood, plasma, body organs, or sperm. They should not exchange genital fluids during sexual activity. People at risk for HIV infection should have regular testing to ensure early diagnosis of this infection, as many treatment options are available. References Masur H, Healey L, Hadigan C. Treatment of human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 412. Sax PE, Walker BD. Immunopathogenesis of human immunodeficiency infection. In: Goldman L...
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