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Vulvar cancer is cancer that starts in the vulva . Vulvar cancer most often affects the labia, the folds of skin outside the vagina. In some cases, vulvar cancer may start on the clitoris or in glands on the sides of the vagina opening.
Cancer - perineum
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Most vulvar cancers begin in skin cells called squamous cells. Other vulvar cancers are:
Basal cell carcinoma
Vulvar cancer is relatively rare. Risk factors include:
Human papilloma virus
(HPV, or genital warts
) infection in women under age 50
Chronic skin changes such as lichen sclerosis or squamous hyperplasia in women over age 50
History of cervical cancer or vaginal cancer
Women with a condition called vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) have a greater risk of developing vulvar cancer that spreads. However, most cases of VI...
The most common way for babies to become infected with the herpes virus is via the birth canal or vulva. In rare cases the virus can pass to the infant via the placenta, but this is only a risk if the mother gets herpes for the first time during the first trimester.
If the mother-to-be experiences her first outbreak of herpes during the third trimester, there is just over a 30 per cent chance of passing the virus to the baby. This is due to the fact that the mother has not produced antibodies as a way to fight the infection. By comparison, a mother who becomes infected before pregnancy has just a three per cent chance of transmitting the virus.
Around a third of all cases of newborn herpes will affect the skin, eyes, mouth or mucous membranes of the baby. This indicates that the infection is HSV-1 which is more easily transmitted during labor. If treated promptly with intravenous Acyclovir, the signs are good that the child will develop naturally. If not, there is a good...
Last time I posted here, I was edging towards a little bit of preeclampsia (if such a term as "little bit" applies to a pregnancy complication) and feeling not-so-comfortable as the months went by, but I did feel confident that I'd be okay for the duration and I'd see my baby born at the end of April. Easy-peasy, right? Whoops. Someone should have told my body to behave. Baby is on April 15th, instead of her scheduled date of April 29 (and well before her actual due date of May 6th), thanks to the pregnancy complication known as preeclampsia. So I'm currently writing this post from the hospital room, where I've been hanging out for the last three weeks. (Let me tell you, "bed rest" is anything but. I'm constantly woken up in the middle of the night by doctors and nurses who need vital signs, blood pressure results, etc, and then that whole "Oh, bladder!" moment when the baby is sitting on my bladder and wakes me up.) And baby girl is coming fir...
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