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Definition A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection of the urinary tract. This article discusses UTIs in children. The urinary tract includes the: Bladder Kidneys Ureters -- the tubes that take urine from each kidney to the bladder Urethra -- the tube that empties urine from the bladder to the outside See also: Catheter-associated UTI Urinary tract infection - adults Alternative Names UTI - children; Cystitis - children; Bladder infection - children; Kidney infection - children; Pyelonephritis - children Causes, incidence, and risk factors Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can occur when bacteria find their way into the bladder or the kidneys. These bacteria are normally found on the skin around the anus or sometimes around the vagina. Normally, there are no bacteria in the urinary tract itself. However, certain things can make it easier for bacteria to enter or stay in the urinary tract. These include: A problem in the urinary tract, called vesicoureteral reflux, which is usually pres...
Acute prostatitis is an infection of the prostate gland in young or middle age men. Just for review, the prostate gland is a chestnut sized glandular organ located in men at the entrance/exit of the bladder and situated so it surrounds the connection of the bladder opening and the urethra which is the tube that drains the urine to the outside through the inside of the penis. The acute infection is usually caused by bacteria such as E.Coli and Pseudomonas, which are also common infecting agents of other parts of the urinary tract such as the bladder and urethra. This acute prostatic bacterial infection usually occurs in young and middle-aged males. Symptoms include pain in the genital/bladder area, fever (which may be high), as well as burning, pain and irritation when urinating. The bacteria that causes acute prostatitis usually gains access to the prostate by infected urine in the bladder through the urethra or urine tube. The infecting organisms migrate ...
Definition Bacterial pericarditis is irritation and swelling of the sac that surrounds the heart (pericardium), due to infection by bacteria. See also: Pericarditis Alternative Names Purulent pericarditis Causes, incidence, and risk factors Bacterial infections are one cause of pericarditis . The bacterial infection causes the pericardium to become swollen and inflamed. Pain occurs as a result of the inflamed pericardium rubbing against the heart. Fluid may build up in the pericardial sac. The most common bacteria that cause this condition are: Haemophilus influenza (also called H. flu) Meningococci Pneumococci Staphylococci Streptococci Since the introduction of antibiotics, bacterial pericarditis has become rare. Pericarditis most often occurs in men between the ages of 20 and 50, usually after some type of respiratory infection. It can also occur after heart surgery or skin or mouth infections that produce bacterial infection of the blood (bacteremia).
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