Definition A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection of the urinary tract. This article discusses UTIs in children. The urinary tract includes the: Bladder Kidneys Ureters -- the tubes that take urine from each kidney to the bladder Urethra -- the tube that empties urine from the bladder to the outside See also: Catheter-associated UTI Urinary tract infection - adults Alternative Names UTI - children; Cystitis - children; Bladder infection - children; Kidney infection - children; Pyelonephritis - children Causes, incidence, and risk factors Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can occur when bacteria find their way into the bladder or the kidneys. These bacteria are normally found on the skin around the anus or sometimes around the vagina. Normally, there are no bacteria in the urinary tract itself. However, certain things can make it easier for bacteria to enter or stay in the urinary tract. These include: A problem in the urinary tract, called vesicoureteral reflux, which is usually pres...
Uncomplicated urinary tract infection; UTI - acute; Acute bladder infection; Acute bacterial cystitis
Antibiotics taken by mouth are usually recommended because there is a risk that the infection can spread to the kidneys.
For a simple bladder infection, you will take antibiotics for 3 days (women) or 7 - 14 days (men). For a bladder infection with complications such as pregnancy or diabetes, OR a mild kidney infection, you will usually take antibiotics for 7 - 14 days.
It is important that you finish all the antibiotics, even if you feel better. People who do not finish their antibiotics may develop an infection that is harder to treat.
Commonly used antibiotics include trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin, Augmentin, doxycycline, and fluoroquinolones. Your doctor will also want to know whether you are pregnant.
Your doctor may also recommend drugs to relieve the burning pain and urgent need to urinate. Phe...
Recurrent cystitis consists of at least 2 infections of the bladder in 6 months, or 3 infections in 1 year. It is confirmed by tests that show the growth of bacteria in the urine. See also urinary tract infection .
Cystitis - recurrent; Urinary tract infection - recurrent; UTI - recurrent
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Recurrent cystitis is most often caused by a type of bacteria called E. coli , the leading cause of all urinary tract infections. About 25-50% of all young, healthy women who suffer their first infection will develop a second one within 6 months. Although the risk for cystitis increases with age, the incidence of recurrent infections is only about 10-20% for people over 60.
Risk factors for recurrent infections include sexual intercourse with multiple partners, use of spermicidal agents, genetic factors including a family history of recurrent infections, first infection at a young age, and certain anatomic...
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