The lower leg has two bones: the tibia and the fibula. The tibia is the larger bone, sometimes called the "shin bone." The shin portion is also called the tibial shaft . Fractures of the shaft often heal with an angle. In the past, these fractures were treated with a cast, but now surgery is used. Surgery results in less angulation. Doctors at a large hospital in England studied 164 cases of tibial fracture from over 30 years ago. All had been treated with a cast. The doctors X-rayed all the patients and remeasured the angle of the healed bone. These findings were compared with patients' current status. The long-term outcome after a tibial shaft fracture was good for most of the patients. There were mild symptoms of knee and ankle pain and arthritis. However, these were not caused by the previous fracture. In a small number of patients, fracture in the upper part of the tibia (closer to the knee) resulted in more wear and tear on the knee joint. A 30-year study of the alignment of the tib...
I have bumps all over
my arms. Is this acne? How can I get rid of them?
If these bumps are small and rough and mostly occur on your
upper arms and thighs, it's more likely that you have an eczema-related
condition known as keratosis pilaris. It's a very common hereditary condition
(more than 50% of people have it) that creates raised bumps on the skin. It's
more common in women and tends to improve with age.
Keratosis pilaris occurs when skin cells build up in the
hair follicle, preventing the hair shaft from reaching the surface of the skin.
Often, this results in minor inflammation, causing the appearance of red or
brown spots beneath each raised bump. Since this affects the pores, keratosis
pilaris can cause or exacerbate blemishes, especially in adolescence. In fact,
up to 80% of adolescents experience keratosis pilaris.
Usually, keratosis pilaris is viewed as physically
unsightly, but not medically harmful. There is no "cure" for the condition, but
Most men would agree that the penis, though clearly attached, often seems to have a mind of its own. Call it what you like: a unit, trouser worm, or schlong, it's still a strange, disorderly, and frequently disobedient creature. It can be friend or foe, but its inner workings remain a mystery to most of us. To help us understand the "why" behind some of the most maddening and mystifying tricks the penis can play on its would-be master, we sat down with an expert on the family jewels, Vito Imbasciani, Ph.D., M.D. Imbasciani is a urologist with the Kaiser Permanente Medical Group in Southern California, and he agreed to try to explain some of the penis' most baffling behavior. Zachary Levin: First of all, what causes "post-pee dribble?" VI: With a lot of older guys I see, it's because they're peeing through their zipper, and they're obstructing the urethra. If they'd just open their pants and free Willy a little bit, it wouldn't happen....
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