Introduction A woman's hormone levels normally change throughout her life for a variety of reasons, and these hormonal changes can lead to changes in her breasts. Many such hormonal changes occur during pregnancy, changes that may influence a woman’s chances of developing breast cancer later in life. As a result, over several decades a considerable amount of research has been and continues to be conducted to determine whether having an induced abortion, or a miscarriage (also known as spontaneous abortion), influences a woman’s chances of developing breast cancer later in life. Current Knowledge In February 2003, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) convened a workshop of over 100 of the world’s leading experts who study pregnancy and breast cancer risk. Workshop participants reviewed existing population-based, clinical , and animal studies on the relationship between pregnancy and breast cancer risk, including studies of induced and spontaneous abortions. Th...
Definition Secondary amenorrhea occurs when a woman who has been having normal menstrual cycles stops getting her periods for 6 or more months. Amenorrhea is when a woman does not get her monthly menstrual cycle, or period. See also: Menstruation - Absent Primary amenorrhea Alternative Names Amenorrhea - secondary; No periods - secondary; Absent periods - secondary; Absent menses - secondary; Absence of periods - secondary Causes, incidence, and risk factors Women who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or in menopause are not considered to have secondary amenorrhea. Women who are taking birth control pills or receive hormone shots such as Depo-Provera may not have any monthly bleeding. When they stop taking these hormones, their periods may not return for more than 6 months. You are more likely to have amenorrhea if you: Are obese Exercise excessively and for long periods of time Have less than 15% - 17% body fat Have severe anxiety or emotional distress Lose a lot of weight suddenly (for example, with a s...
Why it stinks:
1) Cancer’s not fair. “Hey–I don’t smoke, seldom drink, exercise regularly, eat right, and I get cancer? What’s up with that?”
2) When you have cancer, you feel your body has turned against you. It’s not like a virus or
bacterial infection, or something attacking from outside; it’s your own cells, attacking one another from within, creating an internal battleground.
3) Cancer can change your appearance. Big time. Not only does your topography change with a lumpectomy or mastectomy , your geography may change if you’ve had reconstruction–Wait a sec, that’s not where my belly button used to be! And of course, there’s the loss of your hair, which makes visible parts of yourself you may never have seen before (your naked skull), let alone revealed for all the world to see.
4) Cancer isn’t a disease you can easily forget. Your breast, whether all or part of it’s missing, is all it takes to remind you about cancer every morning in the shower.
5) Unless you have good he...
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