Definition Cervix cryosurgery is a surgical treatment to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue in the cervix . Alternative Names Cervix surgery; Cryosurgery - female Description Cryotherapy is an office procedure done while you are awake. The vaginal canal is held open so that the doctor can see the cervix. The doctor inserts a device called a cryoprobe into the vagina , and places it firmly on the surface of the cervix, covering the abnormal tissue. Freezing cold compressed nitrogen gas flows through the instrument, making the metal cold enough to freeze and destroy the tissue. An "ice ball" forms on the cervix, killing the abnormal cells. For the treatment to be most effective, the freezing is done for 3 minutes, the cervix is allowed to thaw for 5 minutes, then the freezing is repeated for another 3 minutes. Although you may have slight cramping and flushing in the face, cryosurgery is relatively painless. Why the Procedure Is Performed Uses of cryosurgery include: Treatment of cervicitis Treatment...
The cervix is the lower end of the uterus. It is located at the top of the vagina and is about one inch long. The cervical canal passes through the cervix, allowing blood from a menstrual period and a baby (fetus) to pass from the womb (uterus) into the vagina.
The cervical canal also allows sperm to pass from the vagina into the uterus.
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)
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Alternative Names Physiologic ovarian cysts; Functional ovarian cysts; Corpus luteum cysts; Follicular cysts Prevention If you are not trying to get pregnant and you often get functional cysts, you can prevent them by taking hormone medications (such as birth control pills), which prevent follicles from growing. References Katz VL. Benign gynecologic lesions: Vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, oviduct, ovary. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology . 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 18.
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