Alternative Names Physiologic ovarian cysts; Functional ovarian cysts; Corpus luteum cysts; Follicular cysts Prevention If you are not trying to get pregnant and you often get functional cysts, you can prevent them by taking hormone medications (such as birth control pills), which prevent follicles from growing. References Katz VL. Benign gynecologic lesions: Vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, oviduct, ovary. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology . 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 18.
What are ovarian cysts? Cysts are fluid filled sacs which can develop anywhere on the body. There are several different types of ovarian cysts:
Functional cyst - These form during the normal menstrual cycle. A sac containing eggs forms and usually breaks open to release the egg and the sac dissolves. Sometimes, the sac doesn’t break open and continues to grow, this is called a follicular cyst. It usually disappears in 30 to 90 days. Another type of functional cyst is called corpus luteum and it is when the sac doesn’t dissolve right away. This usually disappears on its own in a few weeks.
Endometriomas - This type of cyst can develop in women who have endometriosis . Tissue from the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus and if it attaches to the ovary it can cause an cyst.
Cystadenomas - This type of cyst forms from the outer cells of the ovary.
Dermoid cysts - Cells in the ovary which develop hair, teeth or other tissue during pregnancy can become part of an ovari...
New research published online in June in the journal "Nature Medicine" finds that the TNF inhibitor etanercept (Enbrel) may offer treatment and hope to people with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). ADPKD is a genetically inherited renal disease that affects about 1 in 800 people. The disease causes the kidneys to develop cysts and since there are no treatments currently available to prevent the cysts, ADPKD can eventually lead to end stage renal failure and requiring kidney transplants.
The researchers at the Institute for medical Research in Kansas City, Missouri first analyzed several patients with the kidney disease and found that the fluid in the kidney cysts had high levels of tumor becrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). They then genetically engineered mice to develop polycystic kidney dis...
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