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Alternative Names Discharge from the vagina Prevention References Anderson M, Karasz A, Friedland S. Are vaginal symptoms ever normal? A review of the literature. MedGenMed . 2004;6(4):49. Eckert LO, Lentz GM. Infections of the lower genital tract: vulva, vagina, cervix, toxic shock syndrome, HIV infections. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology . 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 22. Sanfilippo JS. Vulvovaginitis. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 549. Spence D, Melville C. Vaginal discharge. BMJ . 2007;335:1147-1151.
Definition Vaginal bleeding in pregnancy is bleeding coming through the vagina during pregnancy, for any reason. Alternative Names Pregnancy - vaginal bleeding; Maternal blood loss Considerations Up to 10% of women have vaginal bleeding at some time during their pregnancy, especially in the first 3 months (first trimester). Bleeding is even more common with twins. To help prevent a miscarriage or other problems during pregnancy: Avoid smoking and using drugs of any kind, including alcohol. Eat a well- balanced diet . Get regular medical checkups. Take prenatal vitamins (or vitamins high in folic acid) before and after getting pregnant. Common Causes During the first 3 months, vaginal bleeding may be a sign of a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. See the doctor right away. During months 4 - 9 bleeding may be a sign of: Abruptio placentae Miscarriage Placenta previa Vasa previa Other possible causes of vaginal bleeding during pregnancy: Early labor (bloody show) Ectopic pregnancy Infection of the cervix Trauma...
Being that I am a urologic surgeon, I routinely perform surgery on patients for incontinence . Unfortunately, no surgery is without its risks and complications. Before surgery, I always review risks and potential complications with patients, but when a patient has a bad outcome, they are always surprised. Now, even if you do not get the outcome you were hoping for, there are options for you to improve your outcome. There are many kinds of incontinence surgeries, but here I am going to focus on mid-urethral vaginal slings . First of all, it is important that you let your doctor know that you are having problems or are unhappy with the outcome. One of the most frustrating things for me is when a patient comes to me after having been operated on by another doctor and now is seeing me to fix the problem. I am not saying that you don't have the right to seek help from another physician, but you should give your first doctor a chance to right things. Some people,...
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