It is estimated that as many as 250,000 people in the UK suffer from Crohn's Disease. UK scientists recently noticed a cluster of Crohn's patients, which may be attributed to an inhaled bacteria. Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis, or MAP, is a bacteria that causes Johne's disease in cattle. Johne's disease symptoms include livestock wasting and diarrhea. In people, especially children, the symptoms may begin as a cough or mild inflammation of the throat or lungs ( 1 ). In this study the MAP aerosols, or inhaled bacterial particles, were found in the River Taff that runs right through the cluster area. Runoff from cattle farms in the area appears to be the cause of MAP in the river. Shower heads in the area also collected MAP when domestic water was abstracted from the river. One of five aerosol samples collected above the River Taff and three out of 30 of the shower heads in area homes tested positive for MAP ( 2 ). *Running the...
Alternative Names Yeast infection - vagina; Vaginal candidiasis; Monilial vaginitis Prevention Avoid persistent and excessive moisture in the genital area by wearing underwear or pantyhose with cotton crotches, and loose-fitting slacks. Avoid wearing wet bathing suits or exercise clothing for long periods of time, and wash them after each use. References Nviriesy P. Vulvovaginal candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis. Infect Dis Clin North Am , 2008;22:637-652. Eckert LO, Lentz GM. Infections of the lower genital tract: vulva, vagina, cervix, toxic shock syndrome, HIV infections. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 22.
Alternative Names Wet prep Normal Values A normal test result means there are no signs of an infection. What abnormal results mean Abnormal results mean there is an infection. The most common infections are due to one or a combination of the following: Bacterial vaginosis -- bacteria that normally live in the vagina overgrow, causing a heavy, white, fishy-smelling discharge and possibly a rash, painful intercourse, or odor after intercourse Trichomoniasis -- a sexually transmitted disease Vaginal yeast infection Additional conditions under which the test may be performed: Atrophic vaginitis (associated with lack of estrogen)
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