Anaerobic bacteria are bacteria that do not live or grow in the presence of oxygen.
In humans, these bacteria are most commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract. They play a role in conditions such as appendicitis , diverticulitis , and perforation of the bowel .
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Alternative Names Yeast infection - vagina; Vaginal candidiasis; Monilial vaginitis Prevention Avoid persistent and excessive moisture in the genital area by wearing underwear or pantyhose with cotton crotches, and loose-fitting slacks. Avoid wearing wet bathing suits or exercise clothing for long periods of time, and wash them after each use. References Nviriesy P. Vulvovaginal candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis. Infect Dis Clin North Am , 2008;22:637-652. Eckert LO, Lentz GM. Infections of the lower genital tract: vulva, vagina, cervix, toxic shock syndrome, HIV infections. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 22.
Alternative Names Wet prep Normal Values A normal test result means there are no signs of an infection. What abnormal results mean Abnormal results mean there is an infection. The most common infections are due to one or a combination of the following: Bacterial vaginosis -- bacteria that normally live in the vagina overgrow, causing a heavy, white, fishy-smelling discharge and possibly a rash, painful intercourse, or odor after intercourse Trichomoniasis -- a sexually transmitted disease Vaginal yeast infection Additional conditions under which the test may be performed: Atrophic vaginitis (associated with lack of estrogen)
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