<p><strong>What Is Vaginitis?</strong></p>
<p>Vaginitis is a disorder of the vagina caused by infection or inflammation. It is often a result of infection by one of various microorganisms, but vaginitis may also be caused by irritation from soaps or medications, an allergic reaction, or hormonal changes. The three most common types of vaginitis are candidiasis (yeast infection), trichomoniasis (infection by a tiny, one-celled organism called a protozoan), and bacterial vaginosis. These three types account for more than 90% of all vaginitis seen in non-menopausal women. Menopausal women may get atrophic vaginitis associated with thinning of the walls of the vagina. This is due to estrogen deprivation.</p>
<p>Although irritating, vaginitis is not a serious health risk, and it typically subsides quickly with treatment. Recurrent or persistent cases may be associated with an underlying medical condition.</p>
It is estimated that as many as 250,000 people in the UK suffer from Crohn's Disease. UK scientists recently noticed a cluster of Crohn's patients, which may be attributed to an inhaled bacteria. Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis, or MAP, is a bacteria that causes Johne's disease in cattle. Johne's disease symptoms include livestock wasting and diarrhea. In people, especially children, the symptoms may begin as a cough or mild inflammation of the throat or lungs ( 1 ). In this study the MAP aerosols, or inhaled bacterial particles, were found in the River Taff that runs right through the cluster area. Runoff from cattle farms in the area appears to be the cause of MAP in the river. Shower heads in the area also collected MAP when domestic water was abstracted from the river. One of five aerosol samples collected above the River Taff and three out of 30 of the shower heads in area homes tested positive for MAP ( 2 ). *Running the...
Alternative Names Wet prep Normal Values A normal test result means there are no signs of an infection. What abnormal results mean Abnormal results mean there is an infection. The most common infections are due to one or a combination of the following: Bacterial vaginosis -- bacteria that normally live in the vagina overgrow, causing a heavy, white, fishy-smelling discharge and possibly a rash, painful intercourse, or odor after intercourse Trichomoniasis -- a sexually transmitted disease Vaginal yeast infection Additional conditions under which the test may be performed: Atrophic vaginitis (associated with lack of estrogen)
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