The ear is divided into three parts: 1. The outer ear, meaning the part of the ear you can see on the side of the head plus the ear canal leading down to the ear drum 2. The middle ear, meaning the ear drum, ear bones (ossicles) and the air spaces behind the ear drum and the mastoid cavities 3. The inner ear, meaning where the nerve endings are for the organs of hearing and balance (equilibrium). It is the middle ear that causes discomfort during air travel, and this is so because it is an air pocket inside the head that is vulnerable to changes in air pressure. Normally, each time (or each 2nd or 3rd time) you swallow, your ears make a little click or popping sound. This is the moment that a small bubble of air enters your middle ear, up from the back of your nose. It passes through the Eustachian tube, a membrane-lined tube about the size of a pencil lead which connects the back of the nose with the middle ear. The air in the middle ear is constantly being absorbed by its membranous linin...
Dear Dr. Motola,
I underwent brachytherapy and HDR treatments for advanced prostate cancer 16 months ago. This past week I've been experiencing off and on bleeding, with some clots, from the penis. I consulted both family doctor and urologist, but they indicated it was probably from my prostate and did not seem concerned. There is no UTI.
Is this a common occurrence? Should we have further testing done; i.e., scope or CT scan? Obviously, I am quite concerned and just trying to reassure myself that this is a possible side effect of the radiation. Thank you.
If you are experiencing hematuria (blood in urine), and especially passing clots in your urine, cystoscopy should definitely be considered. Secondary cancers of the urinary tract have been reported in patients after undergoing radiation therapy. Cystoscopy and an imaging study of the upper urinary tracts will probably be necessary. Talk to your doctor about this course of treatment.
Alternative Names Bleeding from the nose; Epistaxis Home Care Sit down and gently squeeze the soft portion of the nose between your thumb and finger (so that the nostrils are closed) for a full 10 minutes. Lean forward to avoid swallowing the blood and breathe through your mouth. Wait at least 10 minutes before checking if the bleeding has stopped. Many nosebleeds can be controlled in this way if enough time is allowed for the bleeding to stop. It may help to apply cold compresses or ice across the bridge of the nose. Do NOT pack the inside of the nose with gauze. Lying down with a nosebleed is not recommended. You should avoid sniffing or blowing your nose for several hours after a nosebleed. If bleeding persists, a nasal spray decongestant (Afrin, NeoSynephrine) can sometimes be used to close off small vessels and control bleeding. Call your health care provider if Get emergency care if: Bleeding does not stop after 20 minutes Nose bleeding occurs after an injury to the head -- this may sugg...
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