Because bruises are usually the direct result of an injury, the following are important safety recommendations:
Teach children how to be safe.
Be mindful to avoid falls around the house. For example, be careful when climbing on ladders or other objects. Avoid standing or kneeling on counter-tops.
Wear seat belts in motor vehicles.
Wear proper sports equipment to pad those areas most frequently bruised (thigh pads, hip guards, and elbow pads in football and hockey; shin guards and knee pads in soccer and basketball).
Ballas M, Kraut EH. Bleeding and bruising: a diagnostic work-up. Am Fam Physician . 2008 Apr 15;77(8):1117-24.
Brinker MR, OConnor DP, Almekinders LC, et al. Physiology of Injury to Musculoskeletal Structures: 1. Muscle and Tendon Injury. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drezs Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saun...
Ligament injuries in the knee often have an effect on other parts of the knee. Upon impact, the surfaces of the knee joint may slam into one another, bruising the bones. These bruises are actually tiny fractures of the bone underneath the cartilage. X-rays don't often show the bruises on the bone, but MRI scans can. Researchers in Argentina set out to discover whether a bruised knee bone results in ongoing problems in the knee joint. They did an MRI scan on patients scheduled for surgery to repair a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee. Participants were included in the study if this was their first knee injury and the MRI showed a bone bruise. Twenty-one people with a total of 29 bruises were found. The bruises were graded based on severity: type I being the mildest and type III being the most severe. Within two to three years after surgery, another MRI was done. Most (91 percent) of the milder bruises disappeared completely. Yet none of the type III bruises went away. Ev...
For a significant portion of my life, football has reigned supreme. My allegiance in my early years went to the Denver Broncos, who my parents avidly began supporting during the 1960s despite the team’s dismal record. Then we moved to Texas, long known as a football powerhouse. And I ended up attending Odessa Permian High School, the football juggernaut whose gridiron glories and challenges were detailed in the book, “Friday Night Lights.” Yes, I attended the school that also served as the basis for the movie and the television drama of the same name. I still have memories of those long drives through West Texas with Mom and my friends so we could cheer the team on through their hard-hitting efforts to get through the playoffs and win the state championships. And I also remember the pressure that young boys in Odessa felt to commit to football early; in fact, my brother started playing football (complete with pads and helmet) while in elementary school, alth...
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