Because bruises are usually the direct result of an injury, the following are important safety recommendations:
Teach children how to be safe.
Be mindful to avoid falls around the house. For example, be careful when climbing on ladders or other objects. Avoid standing or kneeling on counter-tops.
Wear seat belts in motor vehicles.
Wear proper sports equipment to pad those areas most frequently bruised (thigh pads, hip guards, and elbow pads in football and hockey; shin guards and knee pads in soccer and basketball).
Ballas M, Kraut EH. Bleeding and bruising: a diagnostic work-up. Am Fam Physician . 2008 Apr 15;77(8):1117-24.
Brinker MR, OConnor DP, Almekinders LC, et al. Physiology of Injury to Musculoskeletal Structures: 1. Muscle and Tendon Injury. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drezs Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saun...
Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament are common among young athletes. Most of these ruptures occur as a result of a noncontact event. Usually, the athlete is landing from a jump with the knee in just the right amount of torque to rupture the ligament. But whether from a noncontact or contact injury, the exact mechanism of injury remains unknown. In this study, researchers used MRIs to identify patterns of bone bruising in athletes with ACL injuries. Studying the impact on bone at the time of injury was helpful. They compared the depth, location, and intensity of bone bruising with the amount of energy generated in the knee at the time of the injury. They found that there was much more bruising in the bone of the noncontact group. The greater amount of bruising in this group points to a larger amount of energy and more damage done with a noncontact injury. Most of the bone bruising associated with ACL ruptures in both groups occurred in the lateral compartment of the knee. The mecha...
For a significant portion of my life, football has reigned supreme. My allegiance in my early years went to the Denver Broncos, who my parents avidly began supporting during the 1960s despite the team’s dismal record. Then we moved to Texas, long known as a football powerhouse. And I ended up attending Odessa Permian High School, the football juggernaut whose gridiron glories and challenges were detailed in the book, “Friday Night Lights.” Yes, I attended the school that also served as the basis for the movie and the television drama of the same name. I still have memories of those long drives through West Texas with Mom and my friends so we could cheer the team on through their hard-hitting efforts to get through the playoffs and win the state championships. And I also remember the pressure that young boys in Odessa felt to commit to football early; in fact, my brother started playing football (complete with pads and helmet) while in elementary school, alth...
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