6 Ways to Treat Male Baldness
Balding is a sensitive sign of aging for men, which makes new treatments particularly intriguing for those who are dealing with male pattern baldness. Here are the latest treatments in preventing and treating hair loss.
Bimatoprost, the FDA-approved glaucoma drug that is used to lengthen eyelashes may also be able to regrow hair on the scalp. Researchers conducted three experiments, and found that when the drug was applied to bald spots, hair regrowth occured.
Researchers have identified stem cells in the skin’s fatty layer that require signals from surrounding cells to grow hair in mice. Men with male pattern baldness still have the stem cells necessary for hair growth, but have lost the ability to jump-start it.
A 2012 study found that hair follicles from adult stem cells that were implanted into the skin of bald mice became fully functional and integrated in surrounding tissue. They also developed normal hair cycles. The researchers said this could not only restore hair follicles, but re-establish successful connections and signals in skin cells.
A study published in Science Translational Medicine found that an abnormal amount of a protein called Prostaglandin D2 exists in the bald parts of the scalp of men with male pattern baldness. Researchers found that in both humans and animals, this protein inhibited hair growth due to a receptor. This discovery could lead to a new target for treatment.
There are both over-the-counter medications that can be used to treat baldness, and prescription medications. The OTC variety contains an ingredient called Minoxidil. It is applied to the scalp and prevents hair from thinning, as well as stimulates hair growth. Finasteride is a prescription medication that slows hair loss in about 88 percent of men, and helps stimulate regrowth in about 66 percent of men.
Hair transplants can be done to move portions of the skin on the scalp with good hair growth and transplant them to areas of baldness. Another surgical procedure available is a scalp reduction. This involves removing bald portions of the scalp and moving parts of the scalp with hair closer together.