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Paralytic ileus; Intestinal volvulus; Bowel obstruction; Ileus; Pseudo-obstruction - intestinal; Colonic ileus
Abdominal fullness, gas
Signs and tests
While listening to the abdomen with a stethoscope, your health care provider may hear high-pitched bowel sounds at the onset of mechanical obstruction. If the obstruction has persisted for too long or the bowel has been significantly damaged, bowel sounds decrease, eventually becoming silent.
Early paralytic ileus is marked by decreased or absent bowel sounds.
Tests that show obstruction include:
Abdominal CT scan
Upper GI and small bowel series
Symptoms The hallmark symptom of COPD is shortness of breath that gets worse over time. It is often accompanied by a phlegm-producing cough and episodes of wheezing. Symptoms may vary, however, or others may be present, depending on the disease involved. Many patients have symptoms of both chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Symptoms of Emphysema Typically, the first symptoms of emphysema occur in heavy smokers in their mid-50s: The main early symptom is shortness of breath with light physical activity. Coughing is usually minor, and coughs produce little sputum (phlegm). Late, severe symptoms include rapid, labored breathing and persistent craving for air (air hunger), even during rest or after minimal physical activity. Patients are often very thin (a wasted look called "cachexia"), have pinkish skin, and tend to breathe through pursed lips. Involuntary weight loss and muscle wasting may occur, and can indicate a poor outlook. Symptoms of alpha-1 antitrypsin-related emphysema tend to appear b...
Alternative Names Uncontrollable passage of feces; Loss of bowel control; Fecal incontinence; Incontinence - bowel Home Care Incontinence is not a hopeless situation. Proper treatment can help most people, and can often eliminate the problem. Treating bowel incontinence should begin by identifying the cause of the incontinence. There are several ways to strengthen the anal and pelvic muscles and promote normal bowel function. FECAL IMPACTION Fecal impaction is usually caused by chronic constipation. It leads to a mass of stool that partially blocks the large intestine. If constipation or fecal impaction contributes to fecal incontinence, usually laxatives and enemas are of little help. A health care provider may need to insert one or two fingers into the rectum and break the mass into smaller pieces that can pass more easily. Take measures to prevent further fecal impaction. Add fiber to your diet to help form normal stool. Use other medications your health care provider recommends. In addit...
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