Medications used to treat this disorder include:
- Eflornithine (for T. gambiense only)
- Suramin (Antrypol)
- Some patients may receive combination therapy
Without treatment, death may occur within 6 months from
Complications include injury related to falling asleep while driving or performing other activities, and progressive damage to the nervous system. Sleep becomes uncontrollable as the disease gets worse, and eventually leads to coma.
Inflammation of the heart (
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of this disorder. It is important to begin treatment as soon as possible.
Review Date: 12/07/2010
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.