Alcohol use among women driving up binge drinking rates
Binge drinking rates are on the rise in the U.S. and, according to a new study at the University of Washington, more alcohol consumption by American women is a big factor.
The analysis found that heavy drinking has risen by 17.2 percent since 2005 and binge drinking has increased by 8.9 percent over the same period. And binge drinking among women has escalated much more among women than men between 2005 and 2012–rising by 17.5 percent among women, compared to 4.9 percent among men.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), heavy drinking is characterized by averaging one drink per day for women or two drinks per day for men over the past month, while binge drinking is defined as the consumption of four drinks or more for women in a single occasion, or five drinks or more for men.
In 2012, 8.2 percent of Americans were defined as heavy drinkers and 18.3 percent had engaged in binge drinking. The lowest levels of binge drinking (5.9 percent of residents) were found in Madison County, Idaho, and the highest level (36 percent) were in Menominee County in Wisconsin.
The study was the first to analyze drinking habits at the county level and it often found significant disparities in alcohol consumption from county to county within one state.
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Sourced from: Medical News Today , Escalating alcohol use among American women ‘has driven up overall binge drinking rates’
Published On: April 29, 2015
Obesity linked to bullying
Kids who feel unsafe at school because of bullying are more likely to be overweight or obese, concludes a team of researchers in Quebec, Canada. The scientists said they also found a correlation between chronic poverty, feeling unsafe at school and weight problems.
The researchers reviewed data provided by 1,234 students who had just entered secondary school in Quebec. They were asked about their feelings of safety, and whether they had been bullied in any way. Supplementary data was also reviewed that included their family background and health behaviors, as well as teacher interviews about the atmosphere of the school.
The research also suggested a “direct association between feeling safer and being less likely to be overweight or obese”. Students who felt safer at school also spent less time in front of screens.
The researchers conceded that the connection between feeling unsafe at school and obesity is a complex one. While a sense of “victimization” may help lead to obesity, the reverse–that kids are being bullied because they’re overweight–can also be a factor that perpetutates the problem.
Another big factor, they said, is chronic poverty. Their research indicated that children who grow up with chronic poverty are more likely to be overweight or obese than those who don’t experience poverty, even after taking into account weight-related behaviors.
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Sourced from: Medical News Today , Study of 1,200 students finds obesity link with bullying
Published On: April 29, 2015