An Apple a Day Really Works
Sometimes modern science scoffs at traditional sayings and practices. (Scientists are particularly good at scoffing. It’s kind of what they do.) But every now and then, knowledge learned at mother’s knee turns out to be verified.
Technically, it doesn’t have to be an apple, but new research from the University of Oxford in the U.K. has found that eating fresh fruit daily may lower the risks of heart attack, stroke and cardiovascular death.
Yet, despite centuries of this sort of encouragement, a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) last year found that only 13.1% of adults in the U.S. are consuming enough fruit. Fruit can even make up (at least in part) for a sedentary lifestyle -- the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that adults who get less than 30 minutes of moderate exercise daily should consume 1.5-2 cups of fruit each day.
This study looked at 512,891 adults aged 30-79 in China who had no previous history of cardiovascular disease or hypertension. Each was required to report daily fruit consumption. Their health was tracked for an average of 7 years using electronic hospital and death records.
Compared with those who never or rarely consumed fresh fruit, daily fruit eaters had lower blood pressure and glucose levels, as well as lower risks of heart attack and stroke. The team found that participants who consumed around 100 grams of fresh fruits daily were also a third less likely to die from cardiovascular causes, compared with those who never or rarely ate fresh fruits.
One apple is generally well over 100 grams – we’re just saying.