An End to Peanut Allergies?
Clinical trials show that oral immunotherapy (OIT) may help children with peanut allergies incorporate peanuts into their diets. According to researchers, eating small, gradually increasing amounts of peanut protein successfully suppressed the allergic immune response to peanuts in about 80% of cases.
These trials, which involved 40 preschool age children, confirmed results of previous studies in older children. Participants were given either high-dose peanut protein therapy—3,000 mg per day, or low-dose therapy—300 mg a day. Side effects were generally mild. After an average treatment period of 29 months, the children avoided all traces of peanuts for four weeks.
Researchers say that exposure to peanuts did not produce an allergic response in 80% of study participants, with no difference between those children who received high-dose or low-dose OIT. Long-term outcomes are still being assessed.
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