Are men more narcissistic than women?
Are men more narcissistic than women? New research at the University of Buffalo School of Management certainly suggests they are, based on an analysis of 30 years of research on gender differences. While previous research has studied narcissism in men and women separately, this reportedly is the first to compare data for men against data for women.
The researchers reviewed 300 journal articles, dissertations, manuscripts and technical manuals, focusing on the three main aspects of narcissism, including leadership and authority, grandiosity and exhibitionism, and entitlement. They found that the widest gender gap in the study was reflected in a sense of entitlement, suggesting that men are more likely than women to exploit others and that they feel a greater entitlement to certain privileges.
The second largest gender gap was in leadership/authority, leading researchers to conclude that men "exhibit more assertiveness and desire for power" than women. According to lead researcher Emily Grijalva, "women often receive harsh criticism for being aggressive or authoritative, which creates pressure for women, more so than men, to suppress
When it came to exhibitionism, there was no signiificant difference between men and women, suggesting that they tend to be equally vain or self-absorbed.
The study did not find evidence of either men or women becoming more or less narcissistic over time.