Bad childhood breakfasts linked to metabolic syndrome
New research has found that adults who have poor breakfast habits as children may be more at risk for metabolic syndrome—a group of risk factors associated with heart disease, diabetes and stroke.
In the study, scientists from Umea University in Sweden conducted a long-term study on a group of Swedish schoolchildren. The children were asked questions about what they ate for breakfast, and the researchers followed up with them 27 years later.
Researchers found that the children who either skipped breakfast or ate an insubstantial breakfast were 68 percent more likely to have metabolic syndrome as adults than those who ate healthy breakfasts as children. Metabolic syndrome is defined as having three or more of the following risk factors: a large waistline, high level of triglycerides (type of fat in the blood), low HDL cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, high fasting blood sugar.
The findings, published in the journal Public Health Nutrition, showed that obesity and high fasting blood sugar levels were the biggest metabolic risk factors. Researchers said that they plan on conducting further studies in order to understand the mechanisms involved in the link between breakfast habits and metabolic syndrome.