Big breakfast, light dinner may help fight diabetes
A key to controlling your blood sugar may be as simple as switching up how much you eat at what time, if you are living with type 2 diabetes.
An international team of researchers examined how post-meal blood glucose spikes were reduced when obese non-diabetic people followed a routine of a high-energy breakfast and low-energy dinner. This new study analyzed 18 people (eight men and 10 women) living with type 2 diabetes for less than 10 years. Their ages ranged from 30 to 70 and all were treating their condition with metformin and/or dietary changes. People were randomly given a selection of two diets to follow, one with a high energy breakfast and a low energy dinner, and one with a low energy breakfast and a high energy dinner. Both diets contained the same total energy but were simply scheduled differently. Participants followed their respective diets for six days, and completed their 7th meal in the clinic. Their blood samples were collected just before breakfast and every several minutes after they had started eating.
The results showed that post-meal glucose was 20 percent lower and levels of insulin were 20 percent higher in people who partook in the big breakfast/light dinner diet compared with the other one, despite the fact that both meal plans contained the same total energy and calories during lunch.
These findings show the significant role meal timing can play in controlling blood sugar, according to the researchers, and could help people with type 2 diabetes been more effective in managing their conditions.