Chocolate, wine and berries may reduce diabetes risk
Food rich in flavonoids—a compound found in chocolate, wine and berries—may help protect against type 2 diabetes by improving blood sugar regulation, according to a new study.
Scientists from Kings College London and the University of East Anglia in the U.K. examined the effect of flavonoid intake on the health of approximately 2,000 female volunteers between ages 18 and 76.
The findings, published in The Journal of Nutrition, showed that the women who consumed high levels of a certain subclass of flavonoids, called anthocyanins and flavones, had lower insulin resistance. Insulin resistance, the cause of type 2 diabetes, makes the body unable to use insulin properly, which can cause abnormal blood sugar levels.
The researchers also found that the women who consumed the most anthocyanins and flavones had reduced risk of heart disease, obesity and cancer. Good sources of anthocyanins include dark chocolate, wine, tea and red and blue fruits and vegetables.