Cutting out one sugary drink a day lowers diabetes risk
Just swapping out one sugary drink a day with water or unsweetened tea or coffee can lower a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the
European journal Diabetologia.
To conduct the study, researchers had 25,000 men and women living in Norfolk England, between the ages of 44 and 79, create a log of what they ate and drank for seven consecutive days. Participants were asked to include what type of foods they consumed and how often they consumed them, as well as if any sugar as added to to the food. Researchers then did an 11-year follow up, and found that during that time 847 participants were diagnosed with adult onset type 2 diabetes.
Researchers noted that by using a food diary, they were able study a range of different types of drinks. They were also able to pinpoint what happens when drinks such water or unsweetened tea or artificially sweetened drinks replace sugary drinks such as sodas or sweet teas.The results suggest that when a person’s total energy intake from sugary drinks increases by just 5 percent, the risk of type 2 diabetes can increase up to 18 percent. The study also found that using unsweetened tea or water as a replacement for just one daily sugary drink reduces diabetes risk by 14 percent, and as a replacement for sweetened milk, reduces diabetes risk by 20 to 25 percent.
This current study reinforces previous research that has linked high sugar beverage consumption with a higher type 2 diabetes risk.