Heart Risks Are Higher in Cancer Survivors
People with a history of cancer are less likely to receive recommended medications and interventions for heart attack, according to research published in European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care.1. Results of the study also suggest people who have had cancer are more likely to die in the hospital after experiencing a heart attack (acute myocardial infarction) than those without a history of cancer.
While cancer treatment, including chemotherapy, is known to increase the risk for cardiovascular disease and heart problems, little had been known about heart attack treatment and outcomes for cancer survivors. The goal of this study was to determine if these heart attack patients receive the same recommended treatments and experience the same outcomes as patients without a cancer history.
The study involved 35,249 patients (1,981 with a history of cancer) enrolled in the acute myocardial infarction in Switzerland (AMIS Plus) registry between 2002 and 2015. According to researchers, former cancer patients received specific immediate drug therapies for acute myocardial infarction and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to open blocked arteries less frequently and were more likely to experience complications associated with heart attack. Patient mortality was also significantly higher in cancer survivors.