According to a study conducted at the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) in Spain, extreme temperatures increase the risk for occupational injuries. Results were published in Environmental Health Perspectives.
For this study, which was conducted over a 20-year period, the researchers analyzed nearly 16 million on-the-job injuries that occurred between 1994 and 2013 and resulted in at least one day of sick leave. The determined that approximately 60 temperature-related injuries occurred each work day, accounting for 2.7 percent of all work-related injuries. Extreme cold increased injury risk by 4 percent, and extreme heat increased the risk 9 percent.
Overall, women in the study were more vulnerable to cold temperatures and men were more vulnerable to heat. The youngest workers were also more vulnerable to heat, perhaps because they typically have more physically demanding jobs. The most common injuries were bone fractures and superficial injuries, suggesting that uncomfortable temperatures can impair concentration and judgement.
Sourced from: ISGlobal