How Timing Your Meals Can Improve Health
Which is healthier, eating three meals a day or snacking throughout the day? Research shows there's been a change in eating patterns in adults in the U.S. over the past 40 years or so. Men and women now get more of their energy from snacks and less energy from their meals than in the past—and this trend of eating around the clock can impact health.
Animal studies show that eating during normally inactive times of the day affects metabolism and leads to weight gain, insulin resistance, and inflammation. More research is needed to determine the extent to which the timing of meals impacts health in humans, but some studies have shown a connection.
For example, skipping breakfast—a habit of 20 to 30 percent of adults in the United States—has been linked to an increased risk for obesity, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. According to the American Heart Association, eating breakfast daily can help increase metabolism, improve blood glucose levels, and help people maintain healthy eating habits throughout the day.
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