After giving birth, women with an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) like ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease are at higher risk for developing mental health problems, including anxiety and depression, compared to the general population. That’s according to a study published in Gut that was conducted by researchers at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute in Canada.
The researchers analyzed the frequency of mental illness diagnoses during and up to one year after pregnancy in women who gave birth between 2002 and 2014. In study participants with IBD, they found no elevated risk of anxiety or depression during pregnancy, but an increased risk after — especially in the 90-day postpartum period.
Women in the study who had IBD were at higher risk for two out of four mental illness categories, mood disorders and substance use disorders, compared to women who didn’t have IBD. Risk in women with IBD was 22.7 percent, compared to 20.4 percent in those without inflammatory bowel disease. The researchers found no increased risk for psychotic disorders like hallucinations or schizophrenia.
Sourced from: Gut