IBD flares linked to heart failures
Rates of heart failure hospitalization more than doubles during inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) flares, concludes a new large-scale study.
Previous research has suggested a link between inflammatory diseases and heart complications, but few have focused on whether patients with such diseases are more at risk of heart failure.
In the new study, scientists from the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) conducted a nationwide cohort study of more than 5 million Danish people ages 18 and above, none of whom had a history of heart failure or IBD—specifically, neither Crohn’s disease nor ulcerative colitis. Between the years 1997 and 2011, 23,681 people—or .44 percent—of the participants developed IBD. The researchers then monitored disease activity of the newly-diagnosed patients and compared rates of hospitalization between the IBD group and the other participants.
The researchers found that the people with new-onset IBD had a 37 percent increased risk of hospitalization of heart failure within about six years, when compared to the people without IBD. They also found that when the IBD patients had flares, their risk of hospitalization for heart failure was 2.5 times greater.
The study’s findings, presented at the Heart Failure Congress 2014 in Athens, Greece, concluded that IBD patients should be assessed for cardiovascular risk—especially during IBD flares—so that heart failure and other heart complications can be detected and treated in a timely manner.