Depression is a very difficult beast to understand. If you have never experienced depression or even if you have, it is sometimes hard to see depression in others, particularly our friends and family members. You may wonder if the person is faking or putting this on in order to gain attention or even manipulate others. The person with depression may be hard to be around. When you try to help you may be countered with angry rebukes or even blame. You may begin to perceive your loved one as helpless and full of self pity. As much as you want to remain compassionate and understanding, your own anger and resentment may build as it seems your depressed love one seemingly refuses to get better. This negative spiral of emotions is emotionally draining and frustrating for everyone involved.
It is easy to see how some of the observable symptoms of depression could be considered manipulative by caregivers, friends, and relatives. The truth is that depression is a clinically diagnosable mood disorder oftentimes precipitated by biological and physiological triggers. It is not something imagined or all in one's head. It is not a character defect nor can the depression sufferer just snap out of it. Depression is very real and is not a tool of manipulation used to control others.
The person with depression may employ manipulative behaviors. Depression doesn't develop in a vacuum. The person who has depression may also have a manipulative personality. And this combination of depression and manipulative behaviors can be especially difficult for anyone who is trying to help whether it is the person's therapist, family members, spouse, or friends.
What are manipulative behaviors?
Manipulation is about control. When someone is said to be manipulative, they are usually being accused of altering situations so that they have the upper hand and do not take any responsibility for their actions. The manipulative individual works very hard to get what they want through the use of threats, emotional coercion, or inducing guilt.
Here is one example. We have a relative who would invite us to dinner but would not except no for an answer. If we would decline to come to dinner then a tearful threat of suicide would be made over the phone. When we would acquiesce and then show up for dinner, the tears would be gone and the suicide threat was not spoken of again. "Until the next time she wanted her way.
Another example comes from my childhood. My mother has schizophrenia and she also has bouts of depression. This particular combo of mental illnesses can be debilitating. Yet there were days when she had more energy than others and she would find time to walk to the store to buy smokes but would refuse to do simple chores around the house. When I asked her to do a chore she would act hurt and say, "But I am sick. You wouldn't ask me to clean if I were in a wheel chair would you?" To which I responded, "Yes I would"
I think we can all pull out examples from our lives of manipulative behavior either from our loved ones or even our own ways of manipulating. We are all human and I think everyone is capable of such behaviors at one point or another to some degree. My view of manipulative behavior is that the person has not learned how to get what they want in a socially appropriate way. They may feel powerless to get their needs met so they use manipulation because it works for them. But of course, in the end such behaviors only serve to alienate the individual and create anger and resentment for any of their victims.
Here is a list of other manipulative behaviors:
- Playing the victim
- Always being the martyr
- Using guilt trips to make people feel bad for them
- Blaming others for all their problems
- Not assuming any responsibility for their actions
- Taking no action to get well despite asking for help
- Passive aggressiveness
- Exaggerating problems
- Acting helpless
- Sucking up to others or saying insincere things
- Always having to be the focus of attention despite others having needs
When you get down to it, manipulation is when the person is indirect about what they really want and need and if they are skilled they get to save face as well. It can be very hard to know what to do in such a situation when you are the person being manipulated. One strategy is to call the person out for their behaviors and basically let them know that you aren't falling for it. But you really have to be careful that it is manipulation you are dealing with. I did this with one friend who would repeatedly ask for help for her problems but then never take any action to resolve any of them. Finally after the umpteenth time of sharing ideas of what she could do, I said, "I am no longer going to give any suggestions because you never act on any of them." It woke her up to the fact that she was caught in this cycle of talking about problems but never taking action. My assertiveness was probably the best thing I had done for her above and beyond all my reactive advice.
Now we want to hear from you. Have you experienced being the recipient of manipulation from someone having a mood disorder? Have you ever used manipulation to get what you want? How do we differentiate manipulative behavior from depression symptoms? Tell us your thoughts. We want to hear what you think.